What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. Title IX states that:
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
The program is administered by the US Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR). Many people think of Title IX as a program that was created to ensure equity in sports programs for men and women. Today, all educational institutions are required to address gender-based discrimination, harassment (including sexual harassment), and violence, including sexual violence, relationship violence (dating and domestic violence), and stalking. OCR identifies these behaviors or actions as 'harassment' generally.
Universities must address behavior directed at someone based on:
- sex or gender (female or male);
- sexual orientation;
- gender identity;
- gender expression;
- pregnancy or parenting.
Universities are required to:
- Eliminate the behavior;
- Prevent its reoccurrence; and
- Address its effects.