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Division of Natural Sciences & MathematicsDepartment of Biological Sciences

Degree Programs

Biological Sciences

Course Descriptions

0940 Perspectives-Veterinary Med (2 credits)

Introduction to career areas in veterinary medicine through lectures, guest speakers and demonstrations.

1010 Concepts:Physiological Systems (3 credits)

First class in the 3-quarter introductory sequence required for students planning to major in biology or another science. Emphasis on physiological mechanisms in animals and plants. Co-requisite: BIOL 1020 lab section.

1011 Concepts: Cell & Molec Biology (3 credits)

Second class in the 3-quarter introductory sequence required for students planning to major in biology or another science. Emphasis on molecular and cellular levels of organization. Co-requisite: BIOL 1021 lab section.

1012 Concepts in Biology (3 credits)

Third class in the 3-quarter introductory sequence required for students planning to major in biology or another science. Emphasis on ecology, biological diversity and evolution. Co-requisite: BIOL 1022 lab section.

1020 Concepts:Physiol. Systems Lab (1 credits)

Exercises and experimentation to complement lecture material. Co-requisite: BIOL 1010 lecture section.

1021 Concepts:Cell&Mol Biology Lab (1 credits)

Exercises and experimentation to complement lecture material. Co-requisite: BIOL 1011 lecture section.

1022 Concepts in Biology Lab (1 credits)

Exercises and experimentation to complement lecture material. Co-requisite: BIOL 1012 lecture section.

1207 Ecology for New Millennium I (0 or 4 credits)

First class in a three-quarter sequence for non-majors that explores the principles and science of ecology, the nature and consequences of human impacts on the environment, and the role of science in helping to formulate a policy of wise stewardship of the environment on regional and global scales. Examines the principles of ecology through readings, a lecture/discussion format, and field-oriented laboratories for hands on experience with populations, ecological communities and ecosystems.

1208 Ecology for New Millennium II (0 or 4 credits)

Second class in a three-quarter sequence for non-majors that explores the principles and science of ecology, the nature and consequences of human impacts on the environment, and the role of science in helping to formulate a policy of wise stewardship of the environment on regional and global scales. Examines the ecology of our own species, beginning first with the biology of human population growth and regulation, then turning to issues of human environmental change and natural resource management with emphasis the role of science in problem identification, evaluation and resolution.

1209 Ecology for New Millennium III (0 or 4 credits)

Third class in a three-quarter sequence for non-majors that explores the principles and science of ecology, the nature and consequences of human impacts on the environment, and the role of science in helping to formulate a policy of wise stewardship of the environment on regional and global scales. In-depth look at two environmental issues of global concern, climate change and declines in biodiversity. The emphasis here will be to explore the science of each issue and then to consider how that knowledge might be combined with perspectives from fields of the social sciences and humanities to implement public policies that promote environmental stewardship.

1220 Molecules to Humankind I (0 or 4 credits)

First class in a three-quarter sequence for non-majors that examines the mechanisms that sustain life. Emphasis is placed on understanding the human body at the molecular, cellular, and physiological levels. In the fall quarter our discussions start with the atom and basic chemistry. We next consider the properties of complex molecules, including: DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, in order to see how such molecules are used and organized by living organisms. Our discussions of large and complex molecules lead naturally to the basic unit of life, the cell.

1221 Molecules to Humankind II (0 or 4 credits)

Second class in a three-quarter sequence for non-majors begins with an introduction to the general vertebrate body plan, we emphasize the human body plan but also compare it with other vertebrates. Discussions progress through the major organ and physiological systems of the body, including: circulatory, respiratory, excretory, endocrine, nervous, skin, immune, reproductive, gastrointestinal, and skeletal & muscle systems. Discussions concentrate on the organization and function of these systems.

1222 Molecules to Humankind III (0 or 4 credits)

Third class in a three-quarter sequence focuses for non-majors on cell biology, genetics, and human reproduction and development. After a review of cell structure and function, focusing on how cells are capable of replication with modification, the mechanisms by which information is passed on from one cell to another and from one generation to the next are considered. The second half of the quarter concerns sexual reproduction and early development.

1230 Origin & Evolution of Life I (0 or 4 credits)

The fall quarter of this three-quarter sequence for non-majors examines evolutionary theory, as formulated by Charles Darwin in the 19th century. Two themes are central, the means by which evolution comes about and the significance of evolution for understanding the origins of biological diversity. Lectures encourage student participation and diversity of viewpoints. Goals include understanding of science as a way of knowing and the application of science inquiry to current topics in fields of human concern. Labs include field trips to explore evolutionary theory through personal observations of regional geology and natural history.

1231 Origin & Evolution of Life II (0 or 4 credits)

The winter quarter is the second class this three-quarter sequence for non-majors that examines evolutionary theory in the light of 21st century knowledge of inheritance, including how traits are transmitted from parents to offspring and the role of DNA in shaping those traits. Other topics include the role of new molecular technologies in shaping the evolutionary future of the human species through cloning and genetic engineering. Goals follow from fall term about the nature and applications of science to areas of human concern, including the origin, diagnosis and treatment of human diseases.

1232 Origin & Evolution of Life III (0 or 4 credits)

This is the third quarter in the three-quarter sequence for non-majors that addresses current issues in evolution. It begins with a detailed analysis of 'intelligent design' creationism in order to see if the most recent version of the religious challenges to evolution offers anything new. It then looks at the way in which both new discoveries in the fossil record and new molecular approaches to evolution have converged to provide "proof beyond reasonable doubt" for a key evolutionary hypothesis concerning the origin of whales. The focus then switches to the evidence for the evolution of humans and the role of gene regulatory networks in explaining the origin of novel features. The course culminates with a critical look at the role of mass extinctions in evolution and the possibilities of an anthropogenic extinction episode occurring today.

1270 Human's Unseen Partners I (0 or 4 credits)

Students receive an introduction to the world of microbiology - the good, the bad and the ugly. With the help of the press and movie industry, most "human hosts" believe that microorganisms are to be feared, sterilized and/or destroyed. While this is true for a very small number of microbes, the majority is composed of essential and beneficial microorganisms that help the existence of all life on Earth. This first course in the sequence for non-majors is dedicated to raising the awareness of students to the value and need of our unseen partners. Laboratory included.

1271 Human's Unseen Partners II (0 or 4 credits)

For such a small size, microorganisms can have a large impact on our human world. This second course in the sequence for non-majors brings a new perspective to students on the role microorganisms, and their associated diseases, have played in turning the tide of war victories, immigration of a country, world politics and more. We tend to believe that humans alone can control their world but sometimes the mightiest of all are our unseen partners. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: BIOL 1270.

1272 Human's Unseen Partners III (0 or 4 credits)

In this last course in the sequence for non-majors, students are given an opportunity to challenge their beliefs and understandings of how life came to exist on Earth and the perspective of how humans are the most evolutionarily advanced. Students are guided through time on Earth and examine the development of life and the constant contribution of their unseen partners. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: BIOL 1271.

1990 Independent Study (1 to 5 credits)

 

1992 Directed Study (1 to 10 credits)

 

2010 General Ecology (0 or 4 credits)

Topics in ecosystems, population and community ecology, as well as behavioral ecology. Lectures are integrated with a combination of field, greenhouse, arboretum and laboratory lessons.

2050 Conservation Biology (0 or 4 credits)

Biological diversity explained, including endangered species small populations, habitat fragmentation and other causes of species extinction. Also preservation and management of biological diversity. Prerequisite: BIOL 1012.

2090 Biostatistics (4 credits)

Statistics in biological research. Computer-aided statistical analysis and hypothesis testing focusing on experiments and data unique to the biological sciences.

2120 Cell Structure and Function (4 credits)

Chemical composition of cells; structure and function of cell organelles; interrelationship of cellular unit with its environment; mechanisms of energy conversion within cells; functions of excitability, contractility and cell growth. Prerequisites: BIOL 1010/1011/1012 or BIOL 1220/1221/1222. Co-requisite: BIOL 2121 lab section.

2121 Cell Structure & Function Lab (1 credits)

Exercises and experimentation to complement lecture material. Co-requisite: BIOL 2120.

2200 Medical Terminology (3 credits)

This course presents fundamentals and applications of medical terminology using online learning modules and assessment. This review and application of human anatomy and physiology is suitable for students who have completed introductory biology (BIOL 1010 or its equivalent) and who are working toward a career in medicine or for whom communication with health care providers is essential. Students study basic anatomy and physiology at a level that is intermediate between introductory and advanced courses, discover the medical history behind medical terminology, analyze medical case studies, and work to develop skills for clear and concise articulation of the basic concepts of anatomy and physiology behind medical diagnosis and treatment. This mastery of medical terminology helps to build a strong foundation for advanced coursework in anatomy and physiology. Prerequisite: BIOL 1010 or equivalent with instructor approval.

2450 Human Anatomy (5 credits)

Detailed structural analysis of the tissues, organs and organ systems of the human body. Four lectures and one 3-hour laboratory each week.

2510 General Genetics (0 to 5 credits)

Mechanisms of heredity with application to all forms of life. One 3-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1010/1011/1012.

2600 Vertebrate Zoology I (4 credits)

Evolutionary history, morphology, physiology and ecology of fish, amphibians and reptiles.. Laboratory exercises focus on the structure and function of the vertebrate body, especially those of the skeletal, muscle and organ systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 1012 or permission of instructor.

2610 Vertebrate Zoology II (4 credits)

Evolutionary history, morphology, physiology and ecology of birds and mammals. Laboratory exercises focus on the structure and function of the vertebrate body, especially those of the skeletal, muscle and organ systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 1012 or permission of instructor.

2992 Directed Study (1 to 10 credits)

 

3010 Evolution and Speciation (4 credits)

Theories and supporting evidence explaining evolution from origin of universe to complex interrelationships of species. Prerequisites: BIOL 1010/1011/1012.

3020 Aquatic Ecology (4 credits)

An introduction to the ecology of fresh-water and marine organisms including aquatic adaptations, community organization, food chains, nutrient cycling and man's impact on aquatic ecosystems. Prerequisite: BIOL 2010 or instructor's permission.

3030 Alpine Ecology (4 credits)

Ecology of alpine and subalpine regions of Colorado; organization and distribution of communities and populations, succession, energy flow, nutrient cycling, population adaptations in life-history physiology, behavior and morphology. Prerequisite: BIOL 1010/ 1011/1012.

3055 Ecology of the Rockies (4 credits)

A week in residence at the Mt. Evans Field Station prior to the start of Fall Qtr includes field projects dealing with ecology and environmental issues. On campus classes involve data analysis and interpretation and formal scientific communication. Themes include terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, taxonomic groups ranging from conifer stands to aquatic insects and mountain goats. Prerequisite: BIOL 2010 or permission of instructor.

3060 Tropical Ecology (0 or 3 credits)

Biological composition of tropical ecosystems; biodiversity, biogeochemistry; causes and biological consequences of tropical deforestation; ecologically based approaches toward sustainable tropical forest use. Includes laboratory Prerequisite: BIOL 2010.

3070 Ecological Field Methods (4 credits)

Series of field exercises for students to learn principles and procedures of field methodology, data analysis and technical writing in ecology; problems drawn from population, community and ecosystem ecology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2010.

3090 Microbial Ecology (4 credits)

Interactions among microorganisms and their environment. Impact of ecological principles on microbial diseases, pollutant degradation, nutrient cycles and global change.

3100 Histology (4 credits)

Microscopic organization of tissues and organs; correlation of organization of organs with functions and pathologies; emphasis on mammalian systems. Includes laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120.

3110 Special Topics: Biology (1 to 5 credits)

Topics of special interest to teaching/research faculty of department presented as needed to complement and expand existing curriculum. May be repeated for credit.

3120 General Microbiology (0 or 4 credits)

Fundamental principles of microorganisms in the world and in disease; role of bacteria in biological phenomena. Includes laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120.

3130 Molecular Evolution (4 credits)

Evolution of macromolecules and reconstruction of evolutionary history of genes and organisms. Prerequisite: BIOL 2510.

3135 Topics in Cell Motility (4 credits)

Fibrous elements of the cytoskeleton and associated proteins and their role in cellular motility will be examined in detail. The physical forces involved in cellular motile function will be applied in understanding cellular motile behavior. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120.

3150 Intracellular Dynamics (4 credits)

Focuses on spatial and temporal control of intracellular processes with an emphasis on neuronal and endocrine cells. Topics include vesicular traffic, protein targeting, dynamics and spatial organization of signaling complexes. Emphasis on modern techniques of cell and molecular biology with examples from primary literature.

3160 Biophysics:Ion Channls&Disease (3 credits)

Examines ion channel structure and function and the ways in which this information provides insight into human disease. The focus is on the use of biophysical techniques in combination with molecular and genetic analysis of channel genes. (General Physics and BIOL 2120 are recommended.)

3200 Invertebrate Evolution (4 credits)

Introduction to remarkable diversity of invertebrate life, both in terms of numbers of species, novel body plan, and physiological adaptations. Includes laboratory. Prerequisites: BIOL 1010/1011/1012.

3250 Human Physiology (0 or 5 credits)

Functional relationships of human organ systems with coordinated laboratory activities and experiments that demonstrate and test physiological principles. Prerequisites: BIOL 1010/1011/1012.

3260 Nutrition (3 credits)

From physiological and biochemical perspectives, this course explores the relationships of energy metabolism, nutrients, vitamins and minerals to human health. Prerequisite: BIOL 3250

3300 Biodiversity-Flowering Plants (4 credits)

Basic techniques and principles of systematics with application to the origin, evolution, radiation, classification and biodiversity of flowering plants (angiosperms). Prerequisites: BIOL 1010/1011/1012 or GEOG 1201/1202/1203 or instructor’s permission.

3400 Ornithology (4 credits)

Biology of birds with emphasis on ecology and behavior; field and laboratory work to stress bird identification and ecological relationships of birds. Prerequisites: BIOL 1010/1011/1012.

3410 Animal Behavior (4 credits)

Diversity of animal behaviors and how they enable animals to live in the natural world; the structure, control, and function of behaviors, and some of the factors that shape behaviors.

3560 Molecular Biology Laboratory (0 or 4 credits)

Laboratory based course that covers techniques in gene excision, cloning and reinsertion and gene sequencing. Prerequisite: BIOL 2560.

3570 Proteins in Biological Systems (3 credits)

Proteins considered in their biological setting; protein synthesis and degradation; survey of protein functions in vivo; evolution of proteins; introduction to protein biotechnology. Prerequisites: BIOL 2120, CHEM 2451, CHEM 2452 and CHEM 2453.

3610 Developmental Biology (4 credits)

Processes and mechanisms of development, exemplified by higher animal embryogenesis, with consideration of microbial model systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 2510.

3620 Vertebrate Embryology (4 credits)

Development processes in placental mammals; analysis of vertebrate cyto-differentiation and morphogenesis. Laboratory on embryonic anatomy of amphibians, birds and mammals. Prerequisites: BIOL 1011 and BIOL 2120.

3630 Development of Tissue Shape (4 credits)

Every organism has a stereotypical shape, but how does this shape arise? This course examines the cellular and molecular mechanisms that direct the forming of body and tissue shape. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120.

3640 Introductory Neurobiology (4 credits)

Organization and function of vertebrate central nervous system; nature of action potential, biochemistry of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, functional anatomy of nervous system, phylogeny of nervous system. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120.

3641 Systems Neuroscience (4 credits)

Structure and function of the brain and spinal cord, emphasis on functional systems including sensory perception, motor control and consciousness. Prerequisite: BIOL 3640.

3642 Neuropharmacology (4 credits)

How psychoactive drugs exert their effects on the nervous system; drugs of abuse and drugs used in the treatment of psychotic and neurodegenerative disorders. Prerequisite: BIOL 3640.

3643 Developmental Neurobiology (4 credits)

This course investigates the mechanisms involved in the maturation of neurons, and signals that direct neurons to their proper position in the central nervous system. Prerequisites: BIOL 3640, BIOL 3641.

3644 Neuromuscular Pathophysiology (4 credits)

Cellular and molecular basis for normal nerve and muscle functions and the alteration of these functions by toxins, trauma and diseases of the brain, nerves and muscles; how specific insults produce clinical symptoms and pathology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120. Recommended: BIOL 3640 or BIOL 3250.

3646 Seminar:Cognitive Neuroscience (2 credits)

This seminar is the capstone course for the neuroscience portion of the cognitive neuroscience program. Seminar topics will include but are not limited to: neurological disorders, model systems in neuroscience, sensory systems.

3650 Endocrinology (4 credits)

Mechanisms of hormone action, evolution of vertebrate endocrine systems, analysis of function integration of hormonal responses in maintenance of homeostasis. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120.

3655 Molecular Neuroendocrinology (4 credits)

Advanced laboratory course that uses anatomical/immunological, biochemical and molecular approaches to analyze neuroendocrine pathways in the hypothalamus/pituitary system. Prerequisites: BIOL 3650 and instructor's permission.

3670 Molecular Immunology (4 credits)

Organs, cells and molecules that underlie mammalian immune response; relationship of immune system to disease. Prerequisite: BIOL 2510.

3680 Adv Techniques in Cell Biology (4 credits)

Advanced laboratory course that covers current techniques used in cell biology research. Prerequisite: BIOL 2120

3700 Topics in Ecology (1 to 4 credits)

Topics vary; may include plant, animal, biochemical, alpine or aquatic; one topic per quarter. May be repeated for credit. Taught from original literature. Prerequisite: one quarter of undergraduate ecology and/or instructor's permission.

3701 Topics in Genetics (1 to 4 credits)

Topics vary; may include genetic methods, molecular genetics, human genetics, chromosomes or population genetics; one topic per quarter. May be repeated for credit. Taught from original literature. Prerequisite: BIOL 2510 and/or instructor's permission.

3702 Topics in Regulatory Biology (1 to 4 credits)

Topics vary; may include endocrinology, physiology or immunology; one topic per quarter. May be repeated for credit. Taught from original literature. Prerequisite: varies with topic and instructor; instructor's permission usually required.

3703 Topics Developmental Biology (1 to 4 credits)

Topics vary; may include gene expression in development, developmental immunogenetics, developmental biochemistry or aging; one topic per quarter. May be repeated for credit. Taught from original literature. Prerequisite: instructor's permission.

3704 Topics in Cell Biology (1 to 4 credits)

Topics vary; may include supramolecular structure, microscopy, membranes and techniques. May be repeated for credit. Taught from original literature. Prerequisites: varies with course and instructor; instructor's permission usually required.

3705 Topics in Molecular Biology (1 to 4 credits)

Topics vary; may include biochemistry, supramolecular structure and function, molecular genetics, membrane biology. May be taken more than once for credit. Taught from original literature. Prerequisites: varies with course and instructor; instructor's permission usually required.

3706 Topics in Evolution (1 to 4 credits)

Topics vary, but may include molecular evolution, plant evolution and animal evolution. Prerequisite: instructor's permission.

3707 Topics in Conservation Biology (1 to 4 credits)

 

3800 Human Molecular Biology (4 credits)

Molecular basis of heredity and genetic control, using in-vitro systems and microbial and eukaryotic models; molecular basis of heredity and genetic regulation considering in-vitro systems as well as prokaryotic and eukaryotic models. Prerequisite: BIOL 2510.

3910 Virus & Infectious Human Dis (3 credits)

Organization of viruses at the molecular level with consideration of diseases that these agents cause in humans. The mechanism of action of viruses is a major theme of the course. Prerequisite: BIOL 3800.

3950 Undergraduate Research (1 to 10 credits)

Participation in faculty research programs by agreement between student and faculty member. Maximum of 5 quarter hours of BIOL 3950 and/or BIOL 3991 may be applied to the 45-quarter-hour requirement for a major in biological sciences.

3991 Independent Study (1 to 10 credits)

Topic in biology studied under faculty supervision. Student's responsibility to identify faculty supervisor before registering for class. Maximum of 5 quarter hours of BIOL 3991 and/or BIOL 3950 may be applied toward the 45-quarter-hour requirement for a major in biological sciences.

3992 Directed Study (1 to 10 credits)

 

3995 Independent Research (1 to 10 credits)

 

4010 Cellular Motile Function (2 credits)

Current literature in area of cell motility; role of cytoskeletal elements as motile agents.

4020 Microbial Genetic Model Syst (2 credits)

 

4030 Current Concepts in Evolution (2 credits)

New ideas and theories in field of evolutionary biology.

4040 Current Concepts-Animal Phys (2 credits)

Selected topics in animal physiology.

4050 Topics in Plant Biology (2 credits)

Varying topics; areas of plant-animal interactions, co-evolution, plant ecology, plant biochemistry/physiology.

4060 Gene Expression-Development (2 credits)

Varying aspects of gene control in developing systems, a different apsect each time course is offered.

4070 Hormone-Receptor Interaction (2 credits)

Series of lectures; understanding molecular, cellular basis of hormone action; experimental analysis of binding of hormones with their receptors; structure-function relationships of hormone-receptor interactions; nature and action of mediators generated by hormone-receptor interaction.

4080 Biological Membranes (2 credits)

 

4085 Accelerated Biostatistics (2 credits)

This is an accelerated online statistics course for graduate students in Biology. Basic probability and hypothesis testing is the foundation of teaching applied statistics, including simple statistics (t-tests, F-tests, and chi square) and more advanced procedures (regression, correlation, analysis of variance). In addition, students learn more complex tools (multiple regression, multi-classification ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls tests), including non-parametric Tests (Mann-Whitney U, Sign test, Wilcoxon Rank Sum).

4090 Biostatistics (4 credits)

Statistic on biological research; emphasis on procedures, applications of regression, correlation, analysis of variance, and nonparametric tests. Include instruction on computeraided (Mac and PC) statistical analysis and presentation of results.

4091 Research Methods (1 credits)

This course builds upon the concepts in BIOL 4090, Biostatistics, by covering in more detail and specificity issues involved in designing one's experiment to adequately test the hypotheses or describe the data of interest. Students bring and discuss their specific research projects as case studies to maximize the utility of the course.

4100 Microbial Structure & Function (2 credits)

 

4110 Essentials of Immunology (2 credits)

 

4120 Hmn Chromosomes & Mutagenesis (2 credits)

 

4130 Microevolution (2 credits)

Microevolution, the change of gene frequencies within populations; examination of forces that cause it, evaluation of its contribution to process of speciation.

4140 Protein Biosynthesis (2 credits)

Processes of protein synthesis in cells; emphasis on posttranslational modicfications that occur to secretory proteins prior to secretion.

4150 Special Topics in Adv Biology (1 to 4 credits)

Topics of special interests to teaching and research faculty presented as needed to complement and expand existing curriculum. May be taken morethen once for credit.

4190 Biometry (3 credits)

 

4210 Grad Sem: Cell Biology (2 credits)

A series of student presentations fousing on varied topics involving cell biology. May be taken more than once for credit.

4211 Advanced Cell Biology (3 credits)

Students study the subcellular structure and organization of the cell. Organelle structure and function are examined in detail as well as biogenesis and degradation (turnover) of these subcellular structures. Cytoskeltal dynamics are also a major focus. Specific topics covered include cell division, macromolecular synthesis, membrane transport, cell-matrix and cell-cell communication, cell migration, cell differentiation, and mechanisms of cell death. The course follows a lecture format in conjunction with selected journal article presentations and discussions by the students.

4212 Advanced Molecular Biology (3 credits)

This course focuses on a detailed analysis of regulated gene expression. The topics include lectures and readings of relevant literature in areas covering gene regulation at multiple steps, including transcription, RNA processing, and translation. In particular, the logic of experimental design and data analysis are emphasized.

4213 Advanced Cell Signaling (3 credits)

Students in this course investigate a large array of cellular signal transduction cascades. Specific signaling pathways to be covered include growth factor receptors, cytokine receptors, steroid receptors, integrin-extracellular matrix, heterotrimeric G-protein coupled receptors, monomeric G-proteins, transcription factors, lipids, cytoskeleton, cell cycle, and apoptosis. Each of these topics is examined in the context of normal cell physiology as well as their roles in specific disease processes. The course follows a lecture format in conjunction with selected journal article presentations and discussions by the students.

4220 Grad Sem: Ecology & Evolution (2 credits)

A series of student presentations focusing on varied topics involving ecology and evolution. May be taken more than once for credit.

4230 Grad Sem: Molecular Biology (2 credits)

A series of student presentations focusing on varied topics invoving ecology and evolution. May be taken more than once for credit.

4231 Responsible Conduct in Rsrch (1 credits)

This course covers several topics regarding guidelines for ethical practices in research. Topics include: data ownership, conflict of interest and commitments, human subjects, animal welfare, research misconduct, authorship, mentoring, peer review, and collaboration. The course includes an online training component and meets one hour each week to discuss these topics.

4300 Fall Graduate Reviews in Biol (1 credits)

Students will participate in a required review session that precedes selected departmental seminar presentations by faculty and outside speakers, and will participate in a discussion session with the seminar speaker.

4301 Wntr Graduate Reviews in Biol (1 credits)

Students will participate in a required review session that precedes selected departmental seminar presentations by faculty and outside speakers, and will participate in a discussion session with the seminar speaker.

4302 Sprg Graduate Reviews in Biol (1 credits)

Students will participate in a required review session that precedes selected departmental seminar presentations by faculty and outside speakers, and will participate in a discussion session with the seminar speaker.

4303 Reviews in Biology (1 credits)

The experience is built around the departmental seminar series offered every quarter.

4310 Foundations: Cell & Molecular (2 credits)

Students participate in a weekly discussion group that focuses on recent papers from the primary literature in Cell and Molecular Biology.

4311 Wntr Selected Top: Reg Bio (2 credits)

Students will participate in a weekly discussion group that will focus on recent papers from the primary literature in regulatory biology.

4312 Sprg Selected Top: Reg Bio (2 credits)

Students will participate in a weekly discussion group that will focus on recent papers from the primary literature in regulatory biology.

4320 Selected Tpc: Molecular Biol (2 credits)

The syllabus for the Selected Topics series will vary each quarter. Each quarter a faculty member will set the theme for the quarter and identify a set of review articles to introduce the topic. The instructor will lead the first session and provide important background material on the topic. Students will select a paper from the primary literature to present to the class on the topic designated for the quarter.

4321 Selected Tpc: Molecular Biol (2 credits)

The syllabus for the Selected Topics series will vary each quarter. Each quarter a faculty member will set the theme for the quarter and identify a set of review articles to introduce the topic. The instructor will lead the first session and provide important background material on the topic. Students will select a paper from the primary literature to present to the class on the topic designated for the quarter.

4322 Selected Tpcs: Molecular Biol (2 credits)

The syllabus for the Selected Topics series will vary each quarter. Each quarter a faculty member will set the theme for the quarter and identify a set of review articles to introduce the topic. The instructor will lead the first session and provide important background material on the topic. Students will select a paper from the primary literature to present to the class on the topic designated for the quarter.

4330 Foundations: Ecology I (2 credits)

Students participate in a weekly discuss group that focuses on recent papers from the primary literature in Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution.

4331 Foundations: Ecology II (2 credits)

Students participate in a weekly discussion group that focuses on recent papers from the primary literature in Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution.

4332 Foundations: Ecology III (2 credits)

Students participate in a weekly discussion group that focuses on recent papers from the primary literature in Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution.

4440 Current Concepts-Animal Phys (2 credits)

 

4610 Developmental Biology (4 credits)

The processess and mechanisms of development, exemplified by higher animal embryogenesis, with consideration of simipler model systems. Laboratory sessions use live materails; course finishes with individual projects. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2510 or equivalent

4700 Human Molecular Biology (4 credits)

Molecular basis of heredity and genetic control, using in-vitro systems and microbial and eukaryotic models; molecular basis of heredity and genetic regulation considering in-vitro systems as well as prokaryotic and eukaryotic models. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4710 Endocrinology (4 credits)

Mechanisms of hormone action, evolution of vertebrate endocrine systems, analysis of function integration of hormonal responses in maintenance of homeostasis. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4720 Neuropharmacology (4 credits)

How psychoactive drugs exert their effects on the nervous system; drugs of abuse and drugs used in the treatment of psychotic and neurodegenerative disorders. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4730 Molecular Lab Techniques (4 credits)

Techniques in gene excision, cloning and reinsertion; gene sequencing. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4731 Cell and Molecular Techniques (4 credits)

Analysis of neuroendocrine systems using a multidisciplinary approach. Anatomical/immunological, biochemical and molecular approaches used to analyze neuroendocrine pathways in the hypothalamus/pituitary system. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4740 Microbiology (4 credits)

Fundamental principles; role of bacteriology in biological phenomena. Includes laboratory. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4750 Immunology (4 credits)

Organs, cells and molecules that underlie mammalian immune response; relationship of immune system to disease. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4760 Advanced Cell Biology (4 credits)

Focuses on spatial and temporal control of intracellular processes with an emphasis on neuronal and endocrine cells. Topics include vesicular traffic, protein targeting, dynamics and spatial organization of signaling complexes. Emphasis on modern techniques of cell and molecular biology with examples from primary literature. Restricted to MBA Bioenterprize students.

4850 Forensic Serology Laboratory (5 credits)

This course is designed to provide students with two major educational skills. First, is a thorough understanding of the fundamental science behind the identification and serological analysis of biological evidence in a forensic context. Second, is a rigorously developed set of practical hands-on proficiencies with the major commercial assay systems used by forensic laboratories for the identification of blood, saliva, semen, and other biological material with potential probative value to a criminal investigation.

4860 Forensic Genetics Laboratory (4 credits)

This course is designed to provide students with two major educational skills. First, is a thorough understanding of the fundamental science behind the molecular genetic analysis of biological evidence in a forensic context. Second, is a rigorously developed set of practical hands-on proficiencies with the major commercial assay systems and software used by forensic laboratories for the determination and analysis of DNA profiles.

4991 Independent Study (1 to 17 credits)

 

4992 Directed Study (1 to 10 credits)

 

4995 Independent Research (1 to 17 credits)

 

5991 Independent Study (1 to 17 credits)

 

5995 Independent Research PhD (1 to 18 credits)