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Office of the Registrar

Course & Schedule Definitions

Use this glossary to understand the many elements found within the University of Denver course schedule. For a printable version, please view the Course Proposal and Class Schedule Instructions document (pdf).


Changes in Course Numbers, Titles and Descriptions:

Significant changes in content should be made by creating a new course. A course number cannot be used if it has been used previously within the last ten (10) years. All changes must be done with a Course Proposal Form (PDF). Learn more about how to complete the Course Proposal Form.

College code

Organizes courses, majors and students. College codes are roughly equivalent to our unit structure and financial structure. Values are:

AH  Arts and Humanities
DC  Business
EC  English Language Center
ED  College of Education
EN  Engineering & Computer Science
GS  Graduate Studies
IL  Joint PhD in Religious & Theological Studies
IS  International Studies
LW  Law
NM  Natural Sciences & Mathematics
PP  Professional Psychology
SA  Study Abroad Programs
SS  Social Sciences
SW  Social Work
TX  Graduate Tax Program
UC  University College
UG  Undergraduate Programs
WC  Women's College
Course description

Should provide a detailed explanation of course content and learning outcomes expected in the course. The course description may be any length. It appears in the online catalog and is used to produce printed course bulletins. Course descriptions should be written in present tense (avoid future tense terms such as "students will") and with the audience to include outside institutions, not just students.

Course number

Differentiates the level of a course.

The following system is used:

0001-0999 Pre-collegiate, remedial or continuing education
1000-1999  Undergraduate (lower division)
2000-2999  Advanced undergraduate (upper division)
3000-3999  Advanced undergraduate and Graduate
4000-5999  Graduate
6000-6999  Doctoral
7000-8999  Unassigned
9000-9999  Reserved for system use

The following course numbers are reserved for special purposes:

n700; n701; n702; n703; and n704:  topics courses
n991:  independent study
n992:  directed study/research
n994:  future use
n995:  independent research
n988:  study abroad
4500; 4600; 4700; 5600; and 5700:  continuous enrollment
7000-8999: not used
9000+:  used by the Registrar for administrative purposes
Course title

(30 character maximum)

Appears on transcripts. Except for "topics" courses for which the title may change with each offering, changes in course titles must be made on a Course Proposal Form (PDF). Courses must be approved with completed Course Proposals in order to be scheduled. The official (transcript) course title should be a straightforward description of the course subject matter. Avoid 'catchy' or ambiguous abbreviations in this field.

Course long title

(100 character maximum)

Units may provide an expanded, long course title that appears in the bulletin and on student schedules.

Credit hours

Courses typically are approved and offered for a specific number of credit hours. Courses that are approved to be offered for variable credit may be scheduled in a particular term for a specific number of credits or remain variable, allowing the student to choose when registering. Please note, for variable credit sections, the lowest available credit hours appear in the Schedule Archives and is the default number of credits given when a student registers. Students may change the credit hours in web registration or contact the Office of the Registrar. The Schedule of Classes displays the credit hour range allowed for a section that remains variable within a term.

Department code

Organizes courses and sections within "colleges." Department codes designate responsibility for courses and are used to distribute course information to the correct department. Department codes are not associated with students, but courses and curricula. Contact the Office of the Registrar for appropriate department code.

Experiential learning courses

Experiential learning courses consist of supervised experience in an area of specialization that may be conducted either on or off campus with the student making periodic reports to the instructor. These include clinical, practicum, internship, student teaching, and cooperative work experience. They do not include graduate teaching or research assistantships at DU.

Enrollment in experiential learning courses may constitute half- or full-time enrollment for financial aid and other purposes if they are required for the degree and meet minimum academic requirements. Under limited circumstances, tuition and fees for these courses may be billed at reduced rates (such as rates for Continuous Enrollment). These courses must be approved by the Offices of Planning & Budget and Financial Aid. Experiential learning courses that are not billed at standard tuition rates may not be credit-bearing (transcripted).

Enrollment status (e.g., part- or full-time) is based on the number of hours per week in the activity. Although experiential learning courses may or may not bear academic credit, part- or full-time equivalence is based on credit hour equivalents. Experiential learning classes must entail three to seven hours per week per credit hour equivalent. For example, to equate to four credit hours (half-time status at the graduate level), students' activities must be at least twelve hours per week for a ten-week quarter.

Requests for experiential learning courses for which a student's enrollment at the University is reported, but are not billed standard tuition may be submitted through the standard course proposal process. A memo must accompany the course proposal that includes the following:

  • A statement that the proposed experiential learning course is to denote enrollment at DU and that it is not credit-bearing or that non-standard tuition and fee assessment is requested.
  • A detailed description of the experiential learning course. The description must include the duration of the experience and the range of work and preparation hours entailed per week.
  • Documentation of degree requirements reflecting the required experiential learning program.
Prerequisites and co-requisites

Course or test prerequisites may be enforced or simply listed in a course description or section comments (see below). While the Banner Student system provides sophisticated prerequisite checking, enforced prerequisites can have unintended negative consequences. Prerequisites may be entered with Boolean logic, i.e., with nested and/or conditions. You may also specify whether prerequisites may be taken concurrently with a particular class. Prerequisites are maintained at the Catalog level (default to sections each term) but may be overridden for specific sections. Enforced co-requisites may be entered only at the Catalog level, i.e., co-requisites must apply to all offerings of a course.

Registration restrictions

Limit course registration to or from students in specific colleges, fields of study (e.g. major or minor), classes (e.g., sophomore), levels (e.g., graduate), degrees, programs, student attribute and cohort. Restrictions may be established to include only certain categories of students (e.g., only business students) or to exclude students in certain categories. The Registrar automatically uses this field is to restrict registration of University College Students in traditional courses and to limit Social Work courses to Social Work students, for example. Restrictions are maintained at the Catalog level (default to sections each term) but may be overridden for specific sections.

Repeating courses

Rules may be established for repeating courses that affect registration, degree audit and transcripts (GPA). Most courses may not be repeated. Some courses (e.g., topics or independent study) may be repeated. Limits of hours (e.g., 10 hours of undergraduate independent study) or times (the course may be repeated 3 times) may be established.

Schedule type

Distinguishes the instructional delivery mechanism for a course. At the Catalog level, all Schedule Types for which a course may be offered are maintained. For example, if a course may be taught as a Lecture (L) or via Distance (D), both Schedule Types are maintained in Catalog. A single Schedule Type must be specified for a particular section (at the Schedule level). For example, a course may be offered either on campus (Lecture) or by Distance. Both would be specified in the Catalog; one or the other would be specified in the Schedule. Schedule type is also specified for individual meeting sessions. E.g., a section may be Lecture/Lab (E) with individual Lecture (L) and Lab (B) sessions specified. Or, the section may be taught with Combined Methodologies and a Lecture (L) session and Distance (D) session may be indicated.

The following schedule types are available:

Code Description / Definition
Study Abroad
A course wholly taught outside the U.S. Usually used by Study Abroad office.
B Lab
Laboratory experiences that require special-purpose equipment for student participation, experimentation, observation or practice in a field of study. May involve discussion of a forthcoming laboratory or review of a completed laboratory session. Includes scheduled laboratory periods as well as laboratory experiences for which times may be selected by individual students. Two or three contact hours per week per credit.
C Clinical or Practicum
A faculty-supervised training and educational experience where the student is working in a field setting. Three to seven contact hours per week per credit hour equivalent.
D Distance/Online
Organized instruction, a majority of which is conducted by distance learning methodologies.
E Lecture and Lab combined
Instruction including both laboratory activities as defined above in addition to lecture or recitation instruction.
F Performance or Individual Lessons
Individualized instruction with a faculty member such as music performance.
I Independent Study or Research
Independent projects or research such as special problems or special topics in which the student works more or less individually at various locations, ordinarily requiring intermittent consultation with the professor.
L Lecture
Organized instruction in a lecture (one-way communication) format. One contact hour per week per credit.
M Combined Methodologies
Used for sections for which varying instructional methodologies (hybrid/blended) are used, including significant components of distance learning.
N Recitation or Discussion
Regularly scheduled discussion session that is offered in addition to lecture instruction, but is generally scheduled in smaller groups than the lecture. This type of instruction is only offered in combination with lecture and may not be used as the only type of instruction for a course.
O Off-site instruction
Organized instruction of any type offered in an off-campus location. 
P Internship, Externship or Cooperative Ed.
Supervised experience in an area of specialization, that may be conducted either on or off campus with the student making periodic reports to the instructor. Includes practicum, internship, student teaching, and cooperative work experience. Three to seven hours of preparation or work per week per credit hour equivalent.
R Directed Study or Research
Used where a regular catalog course is offered individually to a single student in a term the catalog course is not offered.
S Seminar
Organized instruction in a recitation (two-way communication) format. Usually used for smaller sections
T Travel Courses (not study abroad)
Class field instruction involving travel away from the campus, within the U.S.
U Studio
An organized method of instruction with emphasis on the synthesizing nature of the design process and conducted through critique and one-to-one interactions. One and one-half contact hours per credit.
Subject Code

Indicates the discipline or subject matter (e.g., CHEM, FREN, MKTG) and should equate to Department of Education Classifications of Instructional Programs (CIP codes): Subject codes appear on transcripts and are used for external audiences. Thus, they should be understandable in their abbreviated format to the best degree possible. Subject codes in Banner should not be used to differentiate programs or for internal budgeting purposes. The web-based bulletin and schedule of classes are organized by subject code.

Topics courses

Topics courses are temporarily offered (up to two times in three years) and permit innovation, experimentation, and development, to take advantage of talents of visiting faculty, or explore current topics. Course titles and content change with each course offering. If a topics course is offered more than twice, a permanent course number should be created.



Section attributes denote cross-divisional, institu¬tionally defined characteristics of specific sections. Attributes appear prominently on the online Schedule of Classes. The following attributes have been defined:

Undergraduate Common Curriculum

  • Analytical Inquiry: Natural. Indicates courses that fulfill the Ways of Knowing Analytical Inquiry: Natural and Physical World Common Curriculum requirements.
  • Analytical Inquiry: Society. Indicates courses that fulfill the Ways of Knowing Analytical Inquiry: Society and Culture Common Curriculum requirements.
  • Scientific Inquiry: Natural. Indicates courses that fulfill the Ways of Knowing Scientific Inquiry: Natural and Physical World Common Curriculum requirements.
  • Scientific Inquiry: Society. Indicates courses that fulfill the Ways of Knowing Scientific Inquiry: Society and Culture Common Curriculum requirements.

Interdisciplinary Majors/Minors

  • Asian Studies
  • Gender and Women's Studies
  • Intercultural Global Studies
  • Judaic Studies
  • Socio-Legal Studies
  • Sustainability
  • Tourism
  • Urban Studies

Specialty Courses

  • Abroad. Used for departmentally based courses (as opposed to those offered through Study Abroad) with an international travel component.
  • Honors. Denotes an honors section.
  • Service Learning. Denotes a service learning based section.
  • Women's College. Identifies Women's College class sections from other departmental course offerings.
Begin and End Time

Please view the class scheduling policy. Class times are submitted on the schedule using the 24-hour clock (e.g., 14:00 to 15:50). The Excel version of the schedule worksheet converts 12-hour times (e.g., 2:00 p.m.) to military time. It is increasingly difficult to find acceptable classrooms during "prime time." Please consider earlier and later time slots.

Course fees

Approved fees associated with a course, such as a lab fee. Banner automatically assesses fees and credit to the appropriate account. Departments must provide a detail code and fee amount when submitting their schedules. Course fees must be approved and established through the Budget office and the Bursar.

Course URL

A web link for the course may be provided. This link should not be the link for Blackboard. Blackboard links are automatically generated and appear on the Courses tab of PioneerWeb.


Cross-listing permits the same section to be taken under different subject/course numbers. Cross-listing results in numerous unintended consequences including understatement of enrollment and inflation of true class offerings. Cross-listing should be used rarely and only in cases where course content can be described equally by two different subjects, e.g., sociology and economics. Do not use cross listing to differentiate levels when students are taking the same course or to restrict seats. Rather, use multiple levels, restrictions or reserved seats. Indicate course with which this course is cross-listed. Sections must be submitted by all relevant departments in order to be processed.


The University uses the following abbreviations for days:

M – Monday
T – Tuesday
W – Wednesday
R – Thursday
F – Friday
S – Saturday
U – Sunday


In order to assign an instructor in the Banner Schedule, he or she must be appointed in Banner Human Resources. Please assure all instructors are appointed through Human Resources. Since we may not be familiar with all department faculty, please provide full names and DU ID numbers so we may identify the correct Banner faculty records, if necessary. Instructors must be assigned in the Schedule to enable web services such as grading for the instructor. Please provide instructor assignments with initial course schedule, if possible.

GTAs and GTIs may be assigned to sections as faculty. These students must complete a Banner Student Access Request form asking for self-service faculty access. They must also successfully complete the Confidentiality Agreement through the Employee tab of PioneerWeb.

Learning Objectives, Required Materials, Technical Requirements

Are text fields that faculty and departments can use to provide additional information about specific sections of a course. Information provided for these shows on the web-based Schedule of Classes.

Linked Sections

Courses composed of one or more lecture sections and multiple recitation or lab sections may be "linked" to allow flexibility in scheduling and registration. Linking allows a student to register for one of many different permutations of lecture and lab. E.g., if a student is taking CHEM 1001, she can be required to sign up for a lecture and one of several different lab sections of that course. Please contact the Office of the Registrar for additional information.

Maximum Enrollment

The maximum number of students able to enroll in a class section.

Registration Approvals

Special approvals may be required for a student to register for a course. Faculty may grant approval for a particular student to register for a course on the Faculty tab of PioneerWeb. The following approval types are available:

AD – Advisor
DE – Dean
DP – Department
DS – Daniels Student Services
ED – Editor (College of Law)
IN – Instructor
IO – Internship Office
IS – Independent Study Form
SA – Study Abroad
SP – Interterm Travel

"IS" approval codes are automatically placed on all independent study and research courses.

Reserved Seats

Seats in a section may be reserved for certain groups of students. Reservations can be defined using level codes (e.g., graduate), college codes, field of study codes (e.g., major), class codes (e.g., sophomore), or any of these codes in combination. Seats reserved for specific fields of study must be specified for each field of study code allowed. E.g., biochemistry is different from chemistry. Also, if a section of 30 seats has 10 reserved for graduate students, the 11th graduate student is not able to register without permission even if there are unrestricted seats available. We suggest you not use this function, but consider "Restrictions" (q.v.) instead.

Section Comments

Additional text may be included for sections. Text appears on the web-based Schedule of Classes. Information may include additional information about fees, a description of a specific topics or seminar section, etc. Information that always accompanies a class should be included in the Catalog description. This information should be indicated in the Comments column of the schedule worksheet when submitted to the Scheduling Coordinator.

Section number

Has no meaning other than to differentiate different sections of the same course. You may leave this blank on the Schedule of Classes worksheet. Independent studies and similar courses will have a section number of zero (0). Final section numbers in the schedule of classes may not match numbers submitted by departments.


Individual sessions for a course section may be defined. A session may be used to specify the different meeting time combinations or different schedule types associated with a section. For example, a geology course which has a lecture, a lab, and a field trip may want to create three separate sessions within the course section to further define each of the meeting types. Sessions are not used to define sections where there are multiple labs to choose from. Use linked sections for that purpose.