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Automaticity, Affect, Control & Thought Lab


In Press

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Song, Y., Jordan, J.I., Shaffer, K.A., Wing, E.K., McRae, K., Waugh, C.E. (2019). Effects of incidental positive emotion and cognitive reappraisal on affective responses to negative stimuli. Cognition & Emotion, 33(6), 1155-1168.

Beaulieu-Prevost, D., Cormier, N., Heller, S.M., Nelson-Gal, D., McRae, K. (2019). Welcome to Wonderland? A population study of intimate experiences and safe sex at a transformational mass gathering (Burning Man). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1-19.

Abraham, D., McRae, K., Mangels, J. A. (2019). "A" For Effort: Incidental Learning from general knowledge errors is enhanced when women are rewarded for effortful retrieval attempts. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1179.


Daros, A.R., Rodrigo, A.H., Norouzian, N., Darboh, B., McRae, K., & Ruocco, A.C. (2018). Cognitive reappraisal of negative emotional images in borderline personality disorder: Content analysis, perceived effectiveness and diagnostic specificity. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1-17.

Waugh, C.E., Yang, X.,Tobia M.J., McRae, K. (2018). The ventromedial prefrontal cortex as a hub in the network supporting positive emotion's impact on stress regulation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 80(3), A158-A158.

Yang, X., Garcia, K., Jung, Y., McRae, K. & Waugh, C.E. (2018). VMPFC activation during a stressor predicts positive emotions during stress recovery. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 13(3), 256-268.

Suri, R., Sheppes, G., Young, G., Abraham, D., McRae, K., Gross, J.J. (2018). Emotion regulation choice: The role of environmental affordances. Cognition & Emotion., 32(5), 963-971. doi:10.1080/02699931.2017.1371003

Godinez, D.A., Lumian, D.S., Crosby-Attipoe, T., Bedacarratz, A.M., Zarolia, P., McRae, K. (2018). Overlapping and distinct neural correlates of imitating and opposing facial movements. NeuroImage.


Lumian, D. & McRae, K. (2017). Preregistered replication of "Affective flexibility: Evaluative processing goals shape amygdala activity." Psychological Science.

McRae, K., Rhee, S.H., Gatt, J.M., Godinez, D., Williams, L.M., Gross, J.J. (2017). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Emotion Regulation: A Twin Study of Cognitive Reappraisal and Expressive Suppression. Emotion. doi: 10.1037/emo0000300


McRae, K. (2016). Cognitive Emotion Regulation: A review of theory and scientific findings. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.06.004

Troy, A.S., Ford, B.Q., McRae, K., Zarolia, P., Mauss, I. (2016). Change the things you can: Emotion regulation is beneficial to people from lower but not higher socioeconomic status. Emotion. doi: 10.1037/emo0000210

Waugh, C.E., Zarolia, P., Mauss, I., Lumian, D., Ford, B., Davis, T., Ciesielski, B.G., McRae, K. (in press). Emotion regulation changes the duration of the BOLD response to emotional stimuli. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsw067

Godinez, D. A., McRae, K., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Smolker, H., & Banich, M. T. (2016). Differences in frontal and limbic brain activation in a small sample of monozygotic twin pairs discordant for severe stressful life events. Neurobiology of Stress.

Zarolia, P., Weisbuch, M., and McRae, K. (2016). Influence of Indirect Information on Interpersonal Trust Despite Direct Information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. doi: 10.1037/pspi0000074


Nir, S. M. (2015) Burning Man's Fashion Is Wild, but There Are Rules. New York Times.

Woodward, S. H., Shurick, A. A., Alvarez, J., Kuo, J., Nonyieva, Y., Blechert, J., McRae, K. and Gross, J. J. (2015). A psychophysiological investigation of emotion regulation in chronic severe posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychophysiology, 52(5), 667-678. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12392


Davis, T.S., Mauss, I., Lumian, D., Troy, A.S., Shallcross, A.J., Zarolia, P., Ford, B.Q., McRae, K. (2014). Emotional Reactivity and Emotion Regulation Among Adults With a History of Self-Harm: Laboratory Self-Report and Functional MRI Evidence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 123: 3, 499-509. doi: 10.1037/a0036962.

McRae, K. Rekshan, W., Williams, L., Cooper, N., Gross, J.J. (2014). Effects of antidepressant medication on emotion regulation in depressed patients: An iSPOT-D report. Journal of Affective Disorders. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.12.037

Otto, B., Misra, S., Prasad, A., & McRae, K. (2014). Functional Overlap of Top-Down Emotion Regulation and Generation: An fMRI Study Identifying Common Neural Substrates Between Cognitive Reappraisal and Cognitively Generated Emotions. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 14: 3 923-938. doi: 10.3758/s13415-013-0240-0 

Stephens, C.* (2014). Cross-cultural emotion regulation during childbirth.  Writ Large. 1, 22-27

Woodward, S. H., Shurick, A. A., Alvarez, J., Kuo, J., Nonyieva, Y., Blechert, J., McRae, K. and Gross, J. J. (2014). Seated movement indexes emotion and its regulation in posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychophysiology. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12386


Boden, M. T., Westermann, S., McRae, K., Kuo, J., Alvarez, J., Kulkarni, M. R., ... & Bonn-Miller, M. O. (2013). Emotion regulation and posttraumatic stress disorder: A prospective investigation. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 32(3), 296-314. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2013.32.3.296

Snyder, S.A., Heller, S.M., Lumian, D.S., McRae, K. (2013). Regulation of positive and negative emotion: effects of sociocultural context.  Front. Psychol. 4:259. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00259

McRae, K.(2013). Emotion regulation frequency and success: Separating constructs from methods and timescale.  Social and Personality Psychology Compass. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12027


Buhle, J.T., Kober, H., Ochsner K.N., Mende-Siedlecki, P., Weber, J., Hughes, B., Kross, E., Atlas, L.Y., McRae, K., Wager, T.D. (2012). Common representation of pain and negative emotion in the midbrain periaqueductal gray. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss038

McRae, K., Ciesielski, B.R.G., Gross, J.J. (2012). Unpacking cognitive reappraisal: Goals, tactics and outcomes. Emotion, 12, 250-255. doi: 10.1037/a0026351

McRae, K., Gross, J.J., Weber, J., Robertson, E.R., Sokol-Hessner, P., Ray, R.D., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Ochsner. K.O. (2012). The development of emotion regulation: An fMRI study of cognitive reappraisal in children, adolescents and young adults. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 7, 11-22. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr093

McRae, K., Jacobs, S.E., Ray, R.D., John, O.P., Gross, J.J. (2012). Individual differences in reappraisal ability:  Links to reappraisal frequency, well-being, and cognitive control. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 2-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2011.10.003

Silvers, J.A., McRae, K., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Gross, J.J., Remy, K.A., Ochsner, K.N. (2012). Age-related differences in emotional reactivity, regulation and rejection sensitivity in adolescence.  Emotion, 12, 1235-1247. doi: 10.1037/a0028297


McRae, K., Heller, S.M., John, O.P & Gross, J.J. (2011). Context-dependent emotion regulation: Suppression and reappraisal at the Burning Man festival. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 33:4, 346-350. doi: 10.1080/01973533.2011.614170

McRae, K., Misra, S., Prasad, A.K., Pereira, S.C., Gross, J.J. (2011). Bottom-Up and Top-Down Emotion Generation: Implications for Emotion Regulation. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsq103


McRae, K., Hughes, B., Chopra, S., Gabrieli, J.J.D., Gross, J.J., Ochsner, K.N. (2010).The neural bases of distraction and reappraisal.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 248-262. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21243

McRae, K., Taitano, E.K., Lane, R.D. (2010). The effects of verbal labeling on psychophysiology: Objective but not subjective labeling reduces skin conductance responses to briefly presented pictures. Cognition & Emotion,5, 829-839. doi: 10.1080/02699930902797141

Ray, R.D., McRae, K., Ochsner, K.N., Gross, J.J. (2010). Cognitive reappraisal of negative affect: Converging evidence from EMG and self-report. Emotion, 10, 587-592. doi: 10.1037/a0019015


Ochsner, K.N, Ray, R.D., Hughes, B., McRae, K., Cooper, J., Weber, J., Gabrieli, J.J.D., Gross, J.J. (2009). Bottom-up and top-down processes in emotion generation: common and distinct neural mechanisms. Psychological Science, 20, 1322-1331. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02459.x

Drabant, E., McRae, K., Manuck, S., Hariri, A., Gross, J.J. (2009). Individual differences in typical reappraisal use predict amygdala and prefrontal responses. Biological Psychiatry, 65, 367-373. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.09.007

Lane, R.D., McRae, K., Reiman, E.M., Ahern, G.L, Thayer, J.F. (2009). Neural correlates of heart rate variability during emotion. NeuroImage, 44, 214-223. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.07.056


McRae, K. Reiman, E.M., Fort, C.L. Chen, K., Lane, R.D. (2008). Association between trait emotional awareness and dorsal anterior cingulate activity during emotion is arousal-dependent. NeuroImage, 41, 648-655. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.02.030

McRae, K., Ochsner, K.N., Mauss, I., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Gross, J.J. (2008). Gender differences in emotion regulation: An fMRI study of cognitive reappraisal. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 11, 143-162. doi: 10.1177/1368430207088035

Goldin, P.R., McRae, K., Ramel, W., Gross, J.J. (2008). The neural bases of emotion regulation: Reappraisal and suppression of negative emotion. Biological Psychiatry, 63, 577-586. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2007.05.031

Giuliani, N., McRae, K., Gross, J.J. (2008). The up- and down- regulation of amusement: experiential, behavioral, and autonomic consequences. Emotion, 8, 714-719. doi: 10.1037/a0013236

Hutcherson, C.A., Goldin, P.R., Ramel, W., McRae, K., Gross, J.J. (2008). Attention and emotion influence the relationship between extraversion and neural response. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 3, 71-79. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsm040


O’Connor, M.F., Guendel, H., McRae, K., Lane, R.D. (2007). Baseline vagal tone predicts BOLD response during elicitation of grief. Neuropsychopharmacology, 32, 2184-2189. doi: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301342

Book Chapters

McRae, K. and Mauss, I. (in press). Increasing positive emotion in negative contexts: Emotional consequences, neural correlates, and implications for resilience. Positive Neuroscience.

McRae, K. & Shiota, M. (in press). Biological and physiological aspects of emotion regulation. In Essau, C.A., Leblanc, S. & Ollendick, T.H. (Eds.) Emotion Regulation and Psychopathology in Children and Adolescents. Oxford University Press, UK.

McRae, K., Ochsner, K.N. & Gross, J.J. (in press). The reason in passion: A social cognitive neuroscience approach to emotion regulation. In R.F. Baumeister & K.D. Vohs (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory and applications (2nd ed.). New York, N.Y.: Guilford Press.

McRae, K. and Gross, J.J. (2013). Emotion Regulation. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Mind. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

McRae, K. and Gross, J.J. (2010). Emotion Regulation. In I.B. Wiener and W.E. Craighead (Eds.), Corsini’s Encyclopedia of Psychology (4th ed.). Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.

McRae, K. and Gross, J.J. (2009). Regulation of emotion. In D. Sander and K.R. Scherer (Eds.), Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences (pp 337-339). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Lane, R.D. and McRae, K. (2004). Neural substrates of conscious emotional experience. In M. Beauregard (Ed.), Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain (pp.87-122). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.