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Family and Child Neuroscience Lab


2020 & IN PRESS

Kim, P., Tribble, R., Olsavsky, A., Dufford, A. J., Erhart, A., Hansen, M., Grande, L., & Gonzalez, D. M. (in press). Associations between stress exposure and new mothers' brain responses to infant cry sounds. NeuroImage.

Grande, L., Tribble, R. C., & Kim, P. (in press). Maternal and Paternal Brain Plasticity, In H. E. Fitzgerald, K. von Klitzing, N. Cabrera, T. Skjothaug, & J. S. de Nendonca (Eds.), Handbook of Fathers and Child Development - Prenatal to Preschool. New York: Springer Nature.

Dufford, A. J., Evans, G. W., Dmitrieva, J., Swain, J. E., Liberzon, I., & Kim, P. (2020). Prospective associations, longitudinal patterns of childhood socioeconomic status, and white matter organization in adulthood. Human Brain Mapping, 41, 3580-3593

Dufford, A. J., Kim, P., & Evans, G. W. (2020). The impact of childhood poverty on brain health: Emerging evidence from neuroimaging across the lifespan. International Review of Neurobiology, 152, 77-105.


Olsavsky, A. K., Stoddard, J., Erhart, A., Tribble, R. C., & Kim, P. (2019). Neural processing of infant and adult face emotion and maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14, 997-1008.

Dufford, A. J., Erhart, A., & Kim, P. (2019). Maternal brain resting‐state connectivity in the postpartum period. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, e12737.

Erhart, A., Dmitrieva, J., Blair, R.J., Kim, P. (2019) Intensity, not emotion: The role of poverty in emotion labeling ability in middle childhood, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 180, 131-140.

Dufford, A. J., Bianco, H., & Kim, P. (2019) Socioeconomic disadvantage, brain morphology, and attentional bias to threat in middle childhood, Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 19, 309-326.

Rigo, P., Kim, P., Esposito, G., Putnick, D., Venuti, P., & Bornstein, M. (2019) Specific maternal brain responses to their own baby's face: An fMRI meta-analysis. Developmental Review, 51, 58-69.

Erhart, A., Olsavsky, A., & Kim, P. (2019). Bonding, In S. Hupp & J. Jewell (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Child and Adolescent Development (pp. 1-13). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Tribble, R. C. & Kim, P. (2019). Intergenerational transmission of poverty: How low socioeconomic status impacts the neurobiology of two generations. In A. W. Harrist & S. M. Wilson (Series Eds.) and B. Gardner & A. W. Harrist (Vol. Eds.), Emerging Issues in Family and Individual Resilience: Vol. 3. Biobehavioral markers in risk and resilience research. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International, pp. 49-67.


Kim, P., Dufford, A. J., & Tribble, R. C. (2018). Cortical thickness variation of the maternal brain in the first 6 months postpartum: associations with parental self-efficacy. Brain Structure and Function, 1-11.

Kim, P., Evans, G. W., Chen, E., Miller, G. E., & Seeman, T. E. (2018). How socioeconomic disadvantages get under the skin and into the brain across the lifespan. In N. Halfon, C. Forrest, R. Lerner, & E. Faustman (Eds.), The Handbook of Life Course Health Development (pp. 463-497). New York, NY: Springer.

Ganzel, B. L. &, Kim, P. (2018). Allostatic Load. In M. Arterberry, M. H. Bornstein, K. Fingerman, & J. E. Lansford (Eds.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Lifespan Human Development.

Kim, P., Evans, G. W., & Dufford, A. J. (2018). Poverty and Brain Development. In M. Arterberry, M. H. Bornstein, K. Fingerman, & J. E. Lansford (Eds.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Lifespan Human Development.


Dufford, A. J., & Kim, P. (2017). Family Income, Cumulative Risk Exposure, and White Matter Structure in Middle Childhood. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11.

Kim, P., Capistrano, C., Erhart, A., Gray-Schiff, R., & Xu, N. (2017). Socioeconomic Disadvantage, Neural Responses to Infant Emotions, and Emotional Availability among First-time New Mothers. Behavioral Brain Research.

Stoddard, J., Tseng, W., Kim, P., Yi, J., Donahue, L., Brotman, M. A., Towbin, K., Pine, D. S., Leibenluft, E. (2017). Association of Irritability and Anxiety With the Neural Mechanisms of Implicit Face Emotion Processing in Youths With Psychopathology, Jama psychiatry.

Wiggins, J.L., Brotman, M.A., Adleman, N.E., Kim, P., Wambach, C.G., Reynolds, R.C., Chen, G., Towbin, K., Pine, D.S., Leibenluft, E. (2017). Neural markers in pediatric bipolar disorder and familial risk for bipolar disorder, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.


Javanbakht, A., Kim, P., Swain, J. E., Evans, G. W., & Liberzon, I. (2016). Sex Specific Effects of Childhood Poverty on Neurocircuitry of Emotional Processing of Social Cues: A Neuroimaging Study. Behavioral Science, 6(4).

Wiggins, J.L., Brotman, M.A., Adleman, N.E., Kim, P., Oakes, A.H., Reynolds, R.C., Chen, G., Pine, D.S., Leibenluft, E. (2016). Neural correlates of irritability in disruptive mood dysregulation and bipolar disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 173(7), 722-730.

Kim, P., Capistrano, C., & Congleton, C. (2016). Socioeconomic Disadvantages and Neural Sensitivity to Infant Cry: Role of Maternal Distress. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience (SCAN), 11, 1597-1607

Capistrano, C., Bianco, H., & Kim, P. (2016). Poverty and internalizing symptoms: The indirect effect of middle childhood poverty on internalizing symptoms via an emotional response inhibition pathway, Frontiers in Psychology.

Kim, P. (2016). Human Maternal Brain Plasticity: Adaptation to Parenting, New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 153, 47-58.

Kim, P., Neuendorf, C. L., Bianco, H., & Evans, G. W. (2016). Exposure to Childhood Poverty and Mental Health Symptomatology in Adolescence: A Role of Coping Strategies. Stress and Health, 32, 494-502.

Du, X., Li, Y., Ran, Q., Kim, P., Ganzel, B. L., Liang, G., Hao, L., Zhang, Q., Meng, H., & Qiu, J (2016). Subliminal trauma reminders impact neural processing of cognitive control in adults with developmental earthquake trauma: a preliminary report, Experimental Brain Research, 234, 905-916.

Kim, P. , Strathearn, L., & Swain, J. E. (2016). The maternal brain and its plasticity in humans. Hormones and Behavior , 77 , 113-123.

Wiggins, J. L., Adleman, N. E., Kim, P., Oakes, A. H., Hsu, D., Reynolds, R. C., Chen, G., Pine, D. S., Brotman, M. A., Leibenluft, E. (2016).  Developmental differences in the neural mechanisms of facial emotion labeling . Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11 , 172-181. 



Kim, P., Ho, S. S., Evans, G. W., Liberzon, I., & Swain, J. E. (2015). Childhood social inequalities influence neural processes in young adult caregiving. Developmental psychobiology, 57(8), 948-960.

Kim, P., Rigo, P., Leckman, J. F., Mayes, L. C., Cole, P. M., Feldman, R., & Swain, J. E. (2015). A Prospective and Longitudinal Study of Perceived Infant Outcomes at 18-24 months: Neural and Psychological Correlates of Parental Thoughts and Actions Assessed During the First Month Postpartum. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1772.

Du, X., Wei, D., Ganzel, B. L.,  Kim, P ., Zhang, Q., & Qiu, J. (2015).  Adolescent earthquake survivors’ show increased prefrontal cortex activation to masked earthquake images as adults International Journal of Psychophysiology, 95,  292-298 .

White Papers
Kim, P. & Watamura, S. E. (2015). 2GEN Intervention Approaches: Maximizing Investment by Supporting Change during Paired Biologically Meaningful Sensitive Periods. Ascend: the Aspen Institute. 


Kim, P., Rigo, P., Mayes, L. C., Feldman, R, Leckman, J. F., & Swain, J. E. (2014). Neural Plasticity in Fathers of Human InfantsSocial Neuroscience, 9, 522-535.

Swain, J. E., Dayton, C. J., Kim, P., Ho, S. S., Tolman, R. M., & Volling, B. L. (2014). Progress on the Paternal Brain: Theory, Animal Models, Human Brain Research and Mental Health ImplicationsInfant Mental Health Journal, 35,  394-408.

Swain, J. E., Kim, P., Spicer, J. Ho, S. S., Dayton, C. J., Elmadih, A., & Abel, K. M . (2014).  Approaching the biology of human parental attachment: brain imaging, oxytocin and coordinated assessments of mothers and fathersBrain Research, 1580,  78-101.

Kim, P.Bianco, H.  (2014). How Motherhood and Poverty Change the BrainZero to Three, 34(4), 29-36.

Sripada, C., Angstadt, M., Kessler, D., Phan, K. L., Liberzon, I., Evans, G. W.,  Welsh, R., Kim, P., & Swain, J. E. (2014). Altered interrelationships between visual, attention control, and default networks during volitional regulation of emotion,NeuroImage, 89, 110-121.


Kim, P., Evans, G. W., Angstadt, M., Ho, S., Sripada, C., Swain, J. E., Liberzon, I., & Phan, K. L. (2013). Effects of Childhood Poverty and Chronic Stress on Emotion Regulatory Brain Function in AdulthoodThe Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 110(46), 18442-18447.

Kim, P., Arizpe, J., Razdan, V., Rosen, B. H., Haring, C., Jenkins, S. E., Deveney, C. M., Brotman, M. A., Blair, R. J. R., Pine, D. S., Baker, C. I., & Leibenluft, E. (2013). Impaired fixation to eyes during facial emotion labelling in children with bipolar disorder or severe mood dysregulation. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 38(6), 407-416.

Ganzel, B. L., Casey, B.J., Kim, P., Gilmore, H., Tottenham, N., & Temple, E. (2013). Stress and the healthy adolescent brain:  Evidence for the neural embedding of life events. Development & Psychopathology, 25(4 Pt 1), 879-889.

Deveney, C. M., Connolly, M. E., Haring, C. T., Bones, B. L., Reynolds, R. C., Kim, P., Pine, D., & Leibenluft, E. (2013). Neural Mechanisms of Frustration in Chronically Irritable ChildrenAmerican Journal of Psychiatry, 170(10), 1186-1194.

Kim, P., Mayes, L. C., Leckman, J. F., Feldman, R., & Swain, J. E. (2013). Early postpartum parental preoccupation and positive parenting thoughts: Relationship with parent-infant interaction. Infant Mental Health Journal, 34, 104–116.

*Thomas, L.A., *Kim, P., Bones, B.L., Hinton, K.E., Milch, H.S., Reynolds, R.C., Adleman, N.E., Marsh, A.A., Blair, R.J.R., Pine, D.S., & Leibenluft, E. (2013) Elevated amygdala responses to emotional faces in youths with chronic irritability or bipolar disorder. Neuroimage Clinical, 2; 637-645. 
*Equal Contributions 

Evans, G. W., Exner-Cortens, D., Kim, P., & Bartholomew, D. (2013). Childhood poverty and blood pressure reactivity to and recovery from an acute stressor in late adolescence: the mediating role of family conflict. Psychosomatic Medicine, 75, 691-700.

Weathers, J. D., Brotman, M., A., Deveney, C. M., Kim, P., Zarate, C. A., Fromm, S. J., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2013).  A Developmental Study on the Neural Circuitry Mediating Response Flexibility in Bipolar DisorderPsychiatric Research Neuroimaging, 214, 56-65.

Evans, G. W. & Kim, P. (2013). Childhood poverty, chronic stress, self-regulation, and copingChild Development Perspectives. 7, 43–48.


Evans, G. W. & Kim, P. (2012). Childhood poverty and young adults' allostatic load: The mediating role of childhood cumulative risk exposure. Psychological Science, 23, 979-983.

Kim, P., Thomas, L. A., Rosen, B. H., Moscicki, A. M., Brotman, M. A., Blair, R. J. R., Zarate, C. S., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2012).  Differing amygdala responses to facial expressions in children vs. adults with bipolar disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 69, 642-649.

Kim, P., Jenkins, S. E.,  Connolly, M. E., Deveney, C. M., Fromm, S. J., Brotman, M. A., Nelson, E. E., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2012). Neural Correlates of Cognitive Flexibility in Children At Risk for Bipolar DisorderJournal of Psychiatric Research, 46, 22-30.

Deveney, C. M., Jenkins, S. E., Connolly, M. E., Kim, P., Fromm, S. J., Brotman, M. A., Nelson, E. E., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2012). Striatal dysfunction during failed motor inhibition in children at risk for Bipolar DisorderProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 38, 127-133.

Deveney, C. M., Jenkins, S. E., Connolly, M. E., Kim, P., Fromm, S. J., Pine, D. S., & Leibenluft, E. (2012). Neural recruitment during failed motor inhibition differentiates youths with Bipolar Disorder and Severe Mood DysregulationBiological Psychology, 89, 148-155.


Kim, P., Feldman, R., Mayes, L. C., Eicher, V., Thompson, N., Leckman, J. F., & Swain, J. E. (2011). Breastfeeding, brain activation to own infant cry, and maternal sensitivityJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 907-915.  

Kim, P. & Evans, G. W. (2011). Family resources, genes, and human development. In A. Booth, S. McHale, & N. Landale (Eds.) Biosocial Research Contributions to Understanding Family Processes and Problems (pp. 221-230). New York, NY: Springer.  

Swain, J. E., *Kim, P, & *Ho, S. (2011). Neuroendocrinology of parental response to baby-cry. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 23, 1036-1041.
*Equal Contributions.


Kim, P., Leckman, J. F., Mayes, L. C., Feldman, R, Wang, X., & Swain, J. E. (2010). The plasticity of human maternal brain: longitudinal changes in brain anatomy during the early postpartum periodBehavioral Neuroscience, 124, 695-700.  

Kim, P., Leckman, J. F., Mayes, L. C., Newman, M., Feldman, R. & Swain, J. E. (2010) Perceived quality of maternal care in childhood and structure and function of mothers’ brain in the postpartum. Developmental Science, 13, 662-673.  

Evans, G. W. & Kim, P. (2010) Multiple risk exposure as a potential explanatory mechanism for the SES-health gradientAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1186, 174-189. 


Evans, G. W. & Kim, P. (2009). The built environment and children. In R. Shweder, & P. J. Miller (Eds.), The Chicago Companion to the Child. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.  

Ferguson, K. T., Kim, P., Dunn, J. R., & Evans, G. W. (2009). The health and well-Being of urban children: An ecological model. In N. Freudenberg, S. Saegert, & S. Klitzman (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Urban Health Research and Practice (pp. 63-92). 


Ganzel, B. L., Kim, P., Glover, G. H., & Temple, E. (2008). Resilience after 9/11: Multimodal neuroimaging evidence for stress-related change in the healthy adult brain. NeuroImage, 40, 788-795. 


Kim, P.  & Swain, J. E. (2007). Sad Dads: Paternal postpartum depressionPsychiatry, 4, 36-47. 

Evans, G. W., Kim, P., Ting, A. H., & Tesher, H. B. (2007). Cumulative Risk, Maternal Responsiveness, and Allostatic Load Among Young AdolescentsDevelopmental Psychology, 43, 341-351.  

Evans, G. W. & Kim, P. (2007). Childhood poverty and health: Cumulative risk exposure and stress dysregulationPsychological Science, 18, 953-957.  

Ganzel, B., Kim, P., Altemus, M., Voss, H.U., & Temple, E. (2007).  After 9/11: Grey matter density in right ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) predicts salivary cortisol levels in healthy trauma-exposed adults. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1121, 664-665. 

Ganzel, B. L., Eckenrode, J. J., Kim, P., Wethington, E., Horowitz, E., & Temple, E. (2007). Salivary cortisol levels and mood vary by lifetime trauma exposure in a sample of healthy womenJournal of Traumatic Stress, 20, 689-699. 


Kim, P. &  Swain, J. E. (2006). [Review of the book, Why Love Matters: How affection shapes a baby's brain]. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 122-123.