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Josef Korbel School of International Studies

Reading List

Historical Period I: Ancient and Medieval

A. Ancient – Essential List

Thucydides, A History of the Peloponnesian War

Plato, Republic

______, Apology

______, Crito

______, Phaedo (death scene)

______, Gorgias

______, Laws (7th letter)

Aristotle, Politics

______, Nichomachean Ethics

Augustine, City of God

B. Ancient – Recommended Primary and Secondary Sources

1. Primary Sources

Homer, Iliad

______, Odyssey

Hesiod, Works and Days

______, Theogony

Aeschylus, Oresteia

Herodotus, Histories

Sophocles, Antigone, Ajax


"The Old Oligarch," Constitution of the Athenians

Xenophon, Socratic Dialogues

______, Constitution of Sparta

Plato, Laws

______, Protagoras

______, Statesman

______, Symposium

______, Protagoras

______, Phaedrus

Demosthenes, On the Crown

Aristotle, Rhetoric

______, Constitution of Athens

Cicero, Republic

______, On Duties

Hadas, Moses (ed.), Essential Works of Stoicism

Plutarch, Lives

2. Secondary Sources (Greeks only)

a. History

Hornblower, Simon, The Greek World

Morris, Ian and Barry Powell, The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society

Osborne, Robin, Greece in the Making

Osborne, Robin (ed.), Classical Greece

Whitley, James, The Archaeology of Ancient Greece

b. Politics and Society

Cartledge, Paul, The Greeks: A Portrait of Self and Other

Ehrenberg, Victor, The Greek State

Finley, M. I., The World of Odysseus

Hansen, Mogens, Polis

Murray, Oswyn, "Cities of Reason," in Murray (ed.), The Greek City from Homer to Alexander

Ober, Josiah, Political Dissent in Democratic Athens

Samons, Loren (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Pericles

Shapiro, H. A. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Archaic Greece

Vernant, Jean-Pierre (ed.), The Greeks

c. Theory

Adkins, W. H., Moral Values and Political Behavior in Ancient Greece

Blundell, Mary, Helping Friends and Harming Enemies

Burkhardt, Jacob, The Greeks and Greek Civilization

Dover, K. J., Greek Popular Morality

Loraux, Nicole, The Invention of Athens

Snell, Bruno, The Discovery of the Mind

Vernant, Jean-Pierre, The Origins of Greek Thought

Connor, W. Robert, Thucydides

Euben, J. Peter, The Tragedy of Political Theory

Gilbert, Alan, Democratic Individuality, ch. 1, 7

______, Must Global Politics Constrain Democracy? ch. 4 (on Socrates and Thucydides)

C. Medieval– Recommended Primary and Secondary Sources

1. Primary Sources

The Bible (especially Genesis, Exodus, Luke, Matthew, and Romans)

Augustine, Political Writings of St. Augustine (Henry Paolucci ed.)

______, Political Writings (E. M. Atkins and R. J. Dodaro, eds.)

______, Confessions

Alfarabi, The Political Regime

Averroes (Ibn Rushd), The Incoherence of the Incoherence

______, On Plato's Republic

John of Salisbury, Policraticus (Books 4-8)

Innocent III, On the Misery of the Human Condition

Maimonides, Guide for the Perplexed 

Aquinas, Thomas, St. Thomas Aquinas on Politics and Ethics (Paul Sigmund, ed.)

 ______, Political Writings (R. W. Dyson, ed., Cambridge)

John of Paris, On Princely and Papal Power

William of Ockham, A Short Discourse on Tyrannical Government

William of Ockham, A Letter to the Friars Minor and Other Writings (Cambridge)

Conciliarism and Papalism (J. H. Burns and Thomas Izbicki, eds. Cambridge)

Christine de Pizan, The Book of the Body Politic

Dante, De Monarchia

Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah

Fortescue, John, On the Laws and Governance of England

Marsilius of Padua, Defender of the Peace

Nicholas of Cusa, The Catholic Concordance

2. Secondary Sources

Adamson, P. and R. Taylor, The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy

Anderson, Perry, Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism

Bloch, Marc, Feudal Society

Burns, J. H., The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought

Canning, Joseph, A History of Medieval Political Thought

Coleman, Janet, A History of Political Thought from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance

Duby, Georges, The Three Orders

Fakhry, Majid, Averroes: His Life, Work and Influence

Gierke, Otto, Political Theories of the Middle Ages

Lambton, Ann, State and Government in Medieval Islam: An Introduction to Islamic Political Theory

Tierney, Brian, The Crisis of Church and State 1050-1300

Southern, R.W., The Making of the Middle Ages

Historical Period II: Early Modern and Enlightenment

A. Essential List

Hobbes, T., Leviathan

Locke, J., Two Treatises of Government (Second Treatise)

______, On Toleration

Machiavelli, N., Discourses

______, The Prince

Rousseau, J.J., The Social Contract

______, First and Second Discourse

______, Politics and the Arts

______, Essay to M. D'Alembert

Wollstonecraft, M., A Vindication of the Rights of Women

Paine, T., The Rights of Man

Burke, E., Reflections on the Revolution in France

Kant, I., Perpetual Peace

______, The Metaphysics of Morals

Smith, A., Wealth of Nations

B. Recommended– Primary and Secondary Sources

1. Primary Sources

Grotius, Hugo, The Free Sea

______, The Rights of War and Peace

Pufendorf, Samuel, The Whole Duty of Man

Spinoza, Baruch, Theological Political Treatise

Machiavelli, Nicolo, History of Florence

Hobbes, Thomas, Behemoth Translation of Thucydides

de Las Casa, Bartolome, Defense of the Indians

Vico, Giambattista, The New Science

Beccaria, Cesare, Treatise on Crimes and Punishment

Milton, John, Areopagitica

Winstanley, Gerard, "A Declaration from the Poor Oppressed of England."

Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws

______, Persian Letters

Diderot, Rameau's Nephew

______, Supplement to Bougainville's Voyage

Paine, Thomas, The Agrarian Question

Hume, David.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Constitutions for Poland

______, Government of Corsica

Hamilton, Jay and Madison, The Federalist Papers

Kant, "The Contest of Faculties" (in H. Reiss, ed., Kant's Writings)

______, "Theory and Practice" (in H. Reiss, ed., Kant's Writings)

Constant, B. "The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns"

2. Secondary Sources

Tuck, Richard, The Rights of War and Peace: Political Thought and International Order from Grotius to Kant

Wooton, David, Divine Right and Democracy

Israel, Jonathan, The Radical Enlightenment

Morgan, Edmund, Inventing the People: The Rise of Popular Sovereignty in England and America

Cassirer, Ernst, The Philosophy of the Enlightenment

______, The Myth of the State

______, Rousseau, Kant, and Goethe

Skinner, Quentin, The Foundations of Modern Political Thought

Gierke, Otto, Natural Law and the Theory of Society

Pocock, J. G.A, Virtue, Commerce and History

Ishay, Micheline, Internationalism and Its Betrayal

______, The Human Rights Reader, second edition (Enlightenment selection)

Hashemi, Nader, Secularism and Liberal Democracy: Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies

Historical Period III: 19th Century

A. Essential List

Burke, E., Reflections on the Revolution in France

Smith, A., Wealth of Nations

Hegel, G.W.F., Phenomenology of Spirit (Introduction, Chapter 1 and 2)

______, Philosophy of Right

Marx, K., Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts

______, Capital I (specifically: all Prefaces; Chapters I-VII, XV, XXV; (Sections 1-3))

______, German Ideology (Part I, or in Tucker's Marx-Engels Reader selection)

Marx, K and F. Engels, Communist Manifesto

Mazzini, G., "On the Duties of Man"

Engels, Frederich, The Anti-Duhring

Mill, J. S., On Liberty

Zetkin, Clara, "On Women's Rights and Social Classes"

Bebel, August, Women and Socialism

Engels, Frederich, The Origins of the Family, Private Family and the State

Nietzsche, F., Genealogy of Morals

B. Recommended Primary and Secondary Sources

1. Primary Sources

Herder, Johann Gottfried, Reflections on the Philosophy of Rights

Fichte, Johann Gotlieb, Address to the German Nations

______, The Closed Commercial State

Proudhon, Pierre Joseph, What is Property? Or An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and Government

Hegel, G.W.F., Reason and History

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, "A Declaration of Sentiments"

Mill, John Stuart, Utilitarianism

______, Representative Government

______, The Subjection of Women

Marx, K., On the Jewish Question

______, 18th Brumaire

______, Civil War in France

Engels, F., Socialism Utopian and Scientific

2. Secondary Sources

Avineri, Shlomo, Hegel's Theory of the Modern State

Kojève, Alexandre, Introduction to Hegel's Lectures

Soll, Ivan, An Introduction to Hegel's Metaphysics

Hyppolite, Jean, Genesis and Structure of the Philosophy of Spirit

Marcuse, Herbert, Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory

Löwith, Karl, From Hegel to Nietzsche

Pletsch, Carl, Young Nietzche: Becoming a Genius

Habermas, Jürgen, "The Entry into Postmodernity: Nietzsche as a Turning Point," in The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity

Cohen, G.A., Marx's Theory of History: A Defense

Gilbert, Alan, Marx's Politics

Miller, Richard W., Analyzing Marx

Giddens, Anthony, Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber

Mazlish, Bruce, A New Science: the Breakdown of Connections and the Birth of Sociology

Szporluk, Roman, Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx versus Friedrich List

Historical Period IV: Contemporary

A. Essential List

Nietzsche, F., The Genealogy of Morals

Freud, S., Civilization and Its Discontents

Lenin, V.I., Imperialism the Highest Stage of Capitalism

______, What is to be Done?

Arendt, H., "Imperialism" (in The Origins of Totalitarianism)

DeBeauvoir, S., The Second Sex

Nussbaum, Martha, "Women and Cultural Universals," in Sex and Social Justice

Butler, Judith, Gender Trouble 

Marcuse, H., One Dimensional Man

Fanon, Frantz, The Wretched of the Earth

Foucault, Michel, "Two Lectures," and "Truth and Power," in Power/ Knowledge

______, Discipline and Punish

Rawls, J., Theory of Justice

______, Political Liberalism

Habermas, Jurgen, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere

B. Recommended Primary and Secondary Sources

1. Primary Sources

Nietzsche, F., Beyond Good and Evil

Weber, M., The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

_____, Politics as a Vocation

Luxemburg, Rosa, The Junius Pamphlet

______, On the National Question and Autonomy

Lenin, V.I., The Right of Nation to Self-Determination

______, State and Revolution

______, On the Emancipation of Women

Kautsky, Karl, Dictatorship and Proletariat

Bernstein, Eduard, Evolutionary Socialism: A Criticism and Affirmation

Sorel, George, Reflections on the Myth of Violence

Trotsky, Leon, Their Morals and Ours

Dewey, John, The Public and its Problems

Oakeshott, Michael, On Human Conduct

______, "Rationalism in Politics" in the book Rationalism in Politics

Dubois, W.E. B., "The Damnation of Women" (1919)

Ishay, Micheline, The Nationalism Reader (the following 6 excerpts:)

i. Maurras, Charles, "The Future of French Nationalism"

ii. Mussolini, Benito, Fascism

iii. Hitler, Adolf, Mein Kampf

iv. Nehru, Jawaharlal, The Discovery of India

v. Gandhi, Mohandas.

vi. Senghor, Leopold, On African Nationalism

Ortega y Gasset, Jose, The Revolt of the Masses

Goldman, Emma, "The Tragedy of Women's Emancipation"

Arendt, Hannah, The Human Condition

______, On Revolution

______, On Violence

______, Origins of Totalitarianism

Aron, Raymond, The Opium of the Intellectuals

Lukacs, George, "Reification" in History and Class Consciousness

Schmitt, Carl, On the Concept of the Political

______, Political Theology

Heidegger, Martin, Being and Time

Neuman, Franz, Behemoth

Freire, Paulo, Pedagogy of the Oppressed

Memmi, Albert, Dominated Man

______, Discourse on Colonialism

Bronner, Stephen and Douglas Kellner, The Critical Theory Reader

Horkheimer, Max and Theodor Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment

Horkheimer, Max, The Eclipse of Reason

______, Critical Thinking: Selected Essays

Marcuse, Herbert, Eros and Civilization

Camus, Albert, The Myth of Sisyphus

______, The Rebel  

Sartre, Jean-Paul, Between Existentialism and Marxism

______, Nausea

Deming, Barbara, Revolution and Equilibrium

Foucault, Power/Knowledge

______, History of Sexuality, Vol. 1

Nozick, Robert, Anarchy, the State and Utopia

Habermas, Jürgen, Theory of Communicative Action

Rawls, John, Law of People

Barber, Benjamin, Strong Democracy

Gutmann, Amy and Dennis Thompson, Democracy and Difference

Kymlicka, Will, Liberalism, Community and Culture

Walzer, Michael, Just and Unjust Wars

Wolin, Richard, The Politics of Being

Nussbaum, Martha, Sex and Social Justice

2. Secondary Sources

Bronner, Stephen, Ideas and Actions: Political Theory of the Twentieth Century

Nolte, E., Three Faces of Fascism

Carsten, F. L., The Rise of Fascism

Sternhell, Zeev, "Fascist Ideology," in Fascism: A Reader Guide (Walter Laqueur, ed.)

Horowitz, I.L., Radicalism and the Revolt Against Reason

Nussbaum, Martha, "Human Functioning and Social Justice: In Defense of Aristotelian Essentialism"

Levine, David, Needs, Rights and the Market

Poster, Mark, Foucault, Marxism and History

McNay, Lois, Foucault and Feminism

Löwith, Karl, From Hegel to Nietzsche

Gilbert, Alan, Democratic Individuality

______, Must Global Politics Constrain Democracy?

Donnelly, Jack, Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice

Ishay, Micheline, The History of Human Rights (chapter 5)

______, The Human Rights Reader, second edition