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Neurodevelopmental Research Program


Selected Recent Publications

(*denotes a student author)


Stout-Oswald, S.*, Glynn, L.M., Bisoffi, M. & Davis, E.P. (under review). Prenatal exposure to maternal psychological distress and telomere length in childhood.

Appel, A.M.*, Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A., Glynn, L.M. (under review). Perinatal maternal positive psychological well-being predicts child cognitive development.

Glynn, L.M., Davis, E.P, Luby, J.L., Baram, T.Z., & Sandman, C.A. (under review). Protecting preschoolers' mental health during COVID-19: Empirical evidence and implications.

Grande, L.*, Swales, D.A.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., & Davis, E.P. (under review) Maternal caregiving ameliorates the consequences of prenatal maternal psychological distress on child development.

Holmberg, E.*, Teppola T., Pajulo M., Davis, E.P., Nolvi, S., Kataja, E-L., Sinervä, E., Karlsson, L., Karlsson, H., Korja, R. (under review). Maternal anxiety symptoms and self-regulation capacity are associated with the predictability of the maternal care.

Irwin, J.*, Anderson, A.L.*, Peterson, G.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., Hicks, L.* & Davis, E.P. (under review). Maternal prenatal cortisol programs the infant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.

Granger, S.J.,* Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., Small, S.J., Keator, D.B., Baram, T.Z., Stern, H., Yassa, M.A., & Davis, E.P. (under review). Accelerated maturation of the uncinate fasciculus after early-life unpredictable patterns of maternal signals.

Howland, M.A.*, Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., & Glynn, L.M. (in press). Prenatal maternal psychological distress and fetal developmental trajectories: Associations with infant temperament. Developmental Psychopathology.

Irwin, J.*, Davis, E.P., Hobel, C., Coussons-Read, M. & Dunkel Schetter, C. (2020). Maternal prenatal anxiety trajectories and infant developmental outcomes in one-year-old offspring. Infant Behavior and Development, 60, 101468.

Martinez, L.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., Wing, D.A., & Davis, E.P. (2020). Cesarean delivery and infant cortisol regulation. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 104862.

Howland, M.A.*, Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., Stern, H., Phelan, M., Baram, T.Z., & Glynn, L.M. (2020). Prenatal maternal mood entropy is associated with child neurodevelopment. Emotion.

Norona, A.*, Morgan, A.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., Baram, T.Z., Stern, H., & Davis, E.P. (2020). Unpredictable maternal behavior is associated with a blunted infant cortisol response. Developmental Psychobiology.


Atzl, V.M.*, Grande, L.A.*, Davis, E.P., & Narayan, A.J. (2019). Perinatal promotive and protective factors for women with histories of childhood abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 91, 63–77.

Garcia, S.*, Valente, E.*, Lillehei, N.*, Grote, N., Hankin, B.L., & Davis, E.P. (2019). Does brief psychotherapy with distressed pregnant women benefit both mother and baby? Zero to Three Journal, 39(5), 23-32.

Kim, D.J.*, Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A., Glynn, L.M., O'Donnell, B. Sporns, O., & Hetrick, B. (2019). Childhood poverty and the organization of structural brain connectome. NeuroImage, 184, 409-416.

Glynn, L.M., Stern, H., Howland, M.A.*, Risbrough, V.B., Baker, D.G., Nievergelt, C.M. Baram, T.Z., & Davis, E.P. (2019). Measuring novel antecedents of mental illness: The questionnaire of unpredictability in childhood. Neuropsychopharmacology, 44(5), 876-882.

Swales, D.A.*, Grande, L.*, Wing, D.A., Edelman, M.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., Smith, R. & Davis, E.P. (2019). Can placental corticotropin-releasing hormone inform timing of antenatal corticosteroid administration? Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 104(2):443-450.


Ram, S.*, Howland, M.A.*, Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., & Glynn, L.M. (2018). Prenatal risk for ASD: Fetal cortisol exposure predicts child autism-spectrum disorder symptoms. Clinical Psychological Science, 7 (2), 349–361.

Sandman, C.A., Curran, M.M.*, Davis, E.P., Glynn, L.M, & Baram, T.Z. (2018). Cortical thinning and neuropsychiatric outcomes in children exposed to prenatal adversity: a role for placental CRH? American Journal of Psychiatry. 175(5):471-479. PMID:29495899

Davis, E.P., Hankin, B.L., Swales, D.A.* & Hoffman, C.M. (2018). An experimental test of the fetal programming hypothesis: Can we reduce child ontogenetic vulnerability to psychopathology by decreasing maternal depression? Development and Psychopathology, 30(3), 787-806.

Glynn, L.M., Howland, M.A.*, Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., Phelan, M., Baram, T.Z., Stern, H. (2018). Prenatal maternal mood patterns predict child temperament and adolescent mental health. Journal of Affective Disorders, 228, 83-90. PMID: 29241049


Snyder, H.*, Hankin, B.L., Sandman, C.A., Head, K. & Davis, E.P. (2017). Distinct patterns of reduced prefrontal and limbic grey matter volume in childhood general and internalizing psychopathology. Clinical Psychological Science, 5(6):1001-1013. PMID 29399423

Curran, M.M.*, Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., Glynn, L.M., & Baram, T.Z. (2017). Abnormal dendritic maturation of developing cortical neurons exposed to corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH): insights into effects of prenatal adversity? PlosOne, 12(6), 1-11. PMID: 5489219.

Davis, E.P., Stout, S.A.*, Molet, J.*, Vegetabile, B.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., Heins, K.*, Stern, H., Baram, T.Z. (2017). Exposure to unpredictable maternal sensory signals influences cognitive development across-species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(39), 10390-10395.

Stout, S.A.*, Lin, J., Hernandez, N.*, Davis, E.P., Blackburn, E., Carroll, J.E., Glynn, L.M. (2017). Validation of minimally-invasive sample collection methods for measurement of relative telomere length by qPCR. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 9, 397. PMID: 29270121

Davis, E.P., Buss, C., Head, K. & Sandman, C.A. (2017). Prenatal maternal cortisol concentrations predict neurodevelopment in middle childhood. Psychoneuroendocrinology 75, 56-63.

Vohr, B., Davis, E.P., Wanke, C.A, & Krebs, N.F. (2017). Neurodevelopment: The impact of nutrition and inflammation during preconception and pregnancy in low resource settings. Pediatrics, 139(Supplement 1), S38-S49.


Glynn, L.M., Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A. & Goldberg, W.A. (2016). Gestational hormone profiles predict human maternal behavior at 1-year postpartum. Hormones and Behavior, 85, 19-25.

Edelmann, M.*, Sandman, C.A., Glynn, LM, Wing, D.A., & Davis, E.P. (2016). Antenatal glucocorticoid treatment is associated with diurnal cortisol regulation in term-born children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 72, 106-112.

Kim, D.J.*, Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A., Sporns, O., O'Donnell, B.F., Hetrick, W.P. (2016). Prenatal maternal cortisol has sex specific associations with child brain network properties. Cerebral Cortex, 27(11), 5230-5241.

Howland, M.*, Sandman, C.A., Glynn, LM, Crippen, C. & Davis, E.P. (2016). Fetal exposure to placental corticotropin-releasing hormone is associated with child self-reported internalizing symptoms, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 67, 10-17. PMID: 26855003 


Stout, S.A.*, Espel, E.*, Sandman, C.A., Glynn, L.M. & Davis, E.P. (2015). Fetal programming of children's obesity risk. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 53, 29-39. PMID: 25591114

Sandman, C.A., Buss, C., Head, K & Davis, E.P. (2015). Fetal exposure to maternal depressive symptoms is associated with cortical thickness in late childhood. Biological Psychiatry, 77(4), 324-34. PMID: 25129235

Grant, K.A.*, Sandman, C.A. Wing, D.A., Dmitrieva, J. & Davis, E.P. (2015). Prenatal programming of postnatal susceptibility to memory impairments: A developmental double jeopardy. Psychological Science, 26(7), 1054-62. PMID: 26063439.

Kim, D.J.*, Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A., Sporns, O., O'Donnell, B.F., Hetrick, W.P. (2015). Children's intellectual ability is associated with structural network integrity. NeuroImage, 124, 550-556. PMID: 26385010


Davis, E.P. & Pfaff, D. (2014). Sexually dimorphic responses to early adversity: implications for affective problems and autism spectrum disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 49, 11-25. PMID: 25038479

Kim, D.J.*, Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A., Sporns, O., O'Donnell, B.F., Buss, C. Hetrick, W.P. (2014). Longer gestation is associated with more efficient brain network in preadolescent children. NeuroImage, 100, 619-627. PMID: 24983711

Espel, E.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A. & Davis, E.P. (2014). Longer gestation among children born full term influences cognitive, and motor development. PLoS ONE, 9(11), e113758. PMID: 25423150

Davis, E.P. & Thompson, R. A (2014). Prenatal Foundations. Zero to Three, 34(4), 6-11.

2013 and earlier

Sandman, C.A., Glynn, L.M. & Davis, E.P. (2013). Is there a viability vulnerability trade off? Sex differences in fetal programming. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 75(4), 327-335. PMID: 24119938

Glynn, L.M., Davis, E.P. & Sandman, C.A. (2013). New insights into the role of perinatal HPA-Axis dysregulation in postpartum depression. Neuropeptides, 47(6), 363-370. PMID: 24210135

Sandman, C.A. & Davis, E.P. (2012). Neurobehavioral risk is associated with gestational exposure to stress hormones. Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism, 7(4), 445-459. PMID: 23144647

Waffarn F. & Davis E.P. (2012). Effects of antenatal corticosteroids on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis of the fetus and newborn: experimental findings and clinical considerations. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 207(6), 446-454. PMID: 22840973

Baram, T.Z., Davis, E.P., Obenaus, A., Sandman, C.A., Small, S., Solodkin, A., Stern, H. (2012). Fragmentation and unpredictability of early-life experience in mental disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169(9), 907-15. PMID: 22885631

Buss, C.*, Davis, E.P., Shahbaba, B., Pruessner, J.C., Head, K. & Sandman, C.A. (2012). Maternal cortisol over the course of pregnancy and subsequent child amygdala and hippocampus volumes and affective problems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(20), E1312-1319. PMID: 22719848

Buss, C.*, Davis, E.P., Hobel, C. & Sandman, C.A. (2011). Maternal pregnancy-specific anxiety is associated with child executive functioning at 6 to 9 years of age. Stress, 14(6), 665–676. PMID: 21995526

Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., Buss, C.*, & Glynn, L.M. (2012). Exposure to Prenatal Psychobiological Stress Exerts Programming Influences on the Mother and Her Fetus. Neuroendocrinology, 95(1), 8-21. PMID: 21494029

Blair, M. M.*, Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A. & Davis, E.P. (2011). Prenatal maternal anxiety and early childhood temperament. Stress, 14(6), 644-51. PMID: 21790468

Davis, E.P., Buss, C.,* Muftuler, T., Head, K., Hasso, A. Wing, D.A., Hobel, C. & Sandman, C.A. (2011). Children's brain development benefits from longer gestation. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, 2(1), 1. PMID: 21713130

Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., Buss, C.*, & Glynn, L.M. (2011). Prenatal programming of human neurological function. International Journal of Peptides. PMCID: PMC3133795. PMID: 21760821

Davis, E.P., Glynn, L.M., Waffarn, F. & Sandman, C.A. (2011). Prenatal maternal stress programs infant stress regulation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(2), 119-129. PMID: 20854366

Buss, C.*, Davis, E.P., Muftuler, T., Head, K., & Sandman, C.A. (2010). High pregnancy anxiety during mid-gestation is associated with decreased gray matter density in 6-9 year-old children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35(1), 141-153. PMID: 19674845

Class, Q.*, Buss, C.*, Davis, E.P., Gierzak, M., Patillo, C., & Sandman, C.A. (2008). Low levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone during early pregnancy are associated with precocious maturation of the human fetus. Developmental Neuroscience, 30(6): 419-426. PMID: 19127063

Davis, E. P., Townsend, E.L., Gunnar, M. R., Guiang, S. F., Lussky, R. C., Cifuentes, R. F. & Georgieff, M. K. (2006). Antenatal betamethasone treatment has a persisting influence on infant HPA axis regulation. Journal of Perinatology, 26(3), 147-153. PMID: 16467857

Davis, E. P. & Sandman, C. A. (2006). Prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones influences child development. Infants and Young Children, 19(3), 246-259.

Davis, E. P., Glynn, L. M., Schetter, C. D., Hobel, C., Chicz-Demet, A., & Sandman, C. A. (2007). Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(6), 737-746. PMID: 17513986

Davis, E. P., Bruce, J. & Gunnar, M. R. (2002). The anterior attention network: Associations with temperament and neuroendocrine activity in 6-year-old children. Developmental Psychobiology: The Journal of the International Society for Developmental Psychobiology, 40(1), 43-56. PMID: 11835150

Davis, E. P., Snidman, N., Wadhwa, P. D., Dunkel Schetter, C., Glynn, L.M., & Sandman, C. A. (2004). Prenatal maternal anxiety and depression predict negative behavioral reactivity in infancy. Infancy, 6(3), 319-331.