Skip navigation

Neurodevelopmental Research Program


Selected Recent Publications


Howland, M.*, Sandman, C.A., Glynn, LM, Crippen, C. & Davis, E.P. (2016). Fetal exposure to placental corticotropin-releasing hormone is associated with child self-reported internalizing symptoms. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 10-17. PMID: 26855003

Schoemaker, D.S.*, Buss, C., Head, K., Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., Chakravarty, M.M., Gauthier, S., & Pruessner, J. (2016). Hippocampus and amygdala volumes from Magnetic Resonance Images in children: assessing accuracy of Freesurfer and FSL against manual segmentation. NeuroImage, 1-14. PMID: 26824403

Glynn, L.M., Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A. & Goldberg, W.A. (2016). Programming the maternal brain: Prenatal hormone profiles predict human maternal behavior at 1-year postpartum. Hormones and Behavior, 85, 19-25.

Edelmann, M.*, Sandman, C.A., Glynn, LM, Wing, D.A., & Davis, E.P. (2016). Prenatal glucocorticoid treatment is associated with diurnal cortisol regulation in term-born children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, (72), 106-112.

Vohr, B., Davis, E.P., Wanke, C., & Krebb, N. (Invited submission, 2016). Neurodevelopment: The impact of nutrition and inflammation during preconception and pregnancy in low resource settings. JAMA Pediatrics.

Han-Holbrook, Le, T.B.*, Chung, A.*, Davis, E.P., & Glynn, L.M. (in press). Cortisol in human milk predicts child BMI. Obesity.

Kim, D.J.*, Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A., Sporns, O., O'Donnell, B.F., Hetrick, W.P. (2016). Prenatal maternal cortisol has sex specific associations with child brain network properties. Cortex, 1-12.



Fox, M.*, Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., & Glynn, L.M. (2015). Intra-individual consistency in endocrine profiles across successive pregnancies. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Kim, D.J.*, Davis, E.P., Sandman, C.A., Sporns, O., O’Donnell, B.F., Hetrick, W.P. (2015).  Children's intellectual ability is associated with structural network integrity. NeuroImage

Grant, K.A., Sandman, C.A., Wing, D.A., Dmitrieva, J, & Davis, E.P. (2015). Prenatal programming of postnatal susceptibility to memory impairments: A developmental double jeopardy. Psychological Science, 26 (7), 1054-1062.

Sandman, C.A., Buss, C., Head, K & Davis, E.P. (2015). Fetal exposure to maternal depressive symptoms is associated with cortical thickness in late childhood. Biological Psychiatry, 77(4), 324-34

Stout, S.A., Espel, E.V., Sandman, C.A., Glynn, L.M., & Davis, E.P. (2015). Fetal programming of children's obesity risk. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 53, 29-39.



Kim, D.-J., Davis, E. P., Sandman, C. A., Sporns, O., O’Donnell, B. F., Buss, C., & Hetrick, W. P. (2014). Longer gestation is associated with more efficient brain networks in preadolescent children. NeuroImage, 100, 619-627. 

Davis, E. P., & Pfaff, D. (2014) Sexually dimorphic responses to early adversity: Implications for affective problems and autism spectrum disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 49, 11-25.

Sandman, C. A., Head, K., Muftuler, T., Su, L., Buss, C., & Davis, E. P. (2014). Shape of basal ganglia in preadolescent children is associated with cognitive performance. NeuroImage, 99, 93-102.

Davis, E. P., & Thompson, R. A. (2014). Prenatal foundations: Fetal programming of health and development. Zero to Three, 1-6.

Espel, E.V., Glynn, L.M., Sandman, C.A., & Davis, E.P. (2014). Longer gestation among children born full term influences cognitive and motor development. PLoS One, 1-13



Davis, E. P., Sandman, C. A., Buss, C., Wing, D. A., & Head, K. (2013). Fetal Glucocorticoid Exposure Is Associated with Preadolescent Brain Development. Biological psychiatry, 1–9.

Goldberg, W. a, Lucas-Thompson, R. G., Germo, G. R., Keller, M. a, Davis, E. P., & Sandman, C. a. (2013). Eye of the beholder? Maternal mental health and the quality of infant sleep. Social science & medicine, 79, 101–8.

Lin, M., Fwu, P. T., Buss, C., Davis, E. P., Head, K., Muftuler, L. T., Sandman, C. A., Su, M.-Y. (2013). Developmental changes in hippocampal shape among preadolescent children. International journal of developmental neuroscience : the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience, 31(7), 473–481.

Sandman, C. A., Glynn, L. M., & Davis, E. P. (2013) Is there a viability-vulnerability tradeoff? Sex differences in fetal programming. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 75, 327-335.



Baram, T.Z., Davis, E.P., Obenaus, A., Sandman, C.A., Small, S., Solodkin, A., Stern, H. (2012). Fragmentation and unpredictability of early-life experience in mental disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry. 169(9):907-15.

Buss, C.*, Davis, E.P., Shahbaba, B., Pruessner, J.C., Head, K. & Sandman, C.A. (2012). Maternal cortisol over the course of pregnancy and subsequent child amygdala and hippocampus volumes and affective problems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Davis, E.P. & Sandman, C.A. (2012). Exposure to prenatal maternal psychobiological stress increases anxiety in preadolescent children. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 

Buss, C., Entringer, S., Davis, E. P., Hobel, C. J., Swanson, J. M., Wadhwa, P. D., & Sandman, C. a. (2012). Impaired executive function mediates the association between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and child ADHD symptoms. PloS one, 7(6).

Davis, E. P., & Sandman, C. a. (2012). Prenatal psychobiological predictors of anxiety risk in preadolescent children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37(8), 1224–33.

Muftuler, L.T., Davis, E.P., Buss, C., Solodkin, L., Su, M. Y., Head, K., Hasso, A. & Sandman, C.A. (2012). Development of white matter pathways in typically developing preadolescent children. Brain Research 1466:33-43. 

Sandman, C.A. & Davis, E.P. (2012). Neurobehavioural risk is associated with gestational exposure to stress hormones. Expert review of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 7(4), 445-459.

Waffarn, F., & Davis, E. P. (2012). Effects of antenatal corticosteroids on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis of the fetus and newborn: experimental findings and clinical considerations. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 207(6), 446–54.



Blair, M. M., Glynn, L. M., Sandman, C. a, & Davis, E. P. (2011). Prenatal maternal anxiety and early childhood temperament. Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 14(6), 644–51.

Buss, C, Davis, E. P., Hobel, C. J., & Sandman, C. a. (2011). Maternal pregnancy-specific anxiety is associated with child executive function at 6-9 years age. Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 14(6), 665–76.

Davis, E.P., Buss, C., Muftuler, T., Head, K., Hasso, A. Wing, D.A., Hobel, C. & Sandman, C.A. (2011). Children's brain development benefits from longer gestation. Frontiers in Psychology. 2, 1-7.

Davis, E.P., Glynn, L.M., Waffarn, F. & Sandman, C.A. (2011). Prenatal maternal stress programs infant stress regulation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(2), 119-129.

Davis, E.P., Waffarn, F. & Sandman, C.A. (2011). Prenatal exposure to synthetic glucocorticoids impairs stress regulation among healthy full term infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 53(2), 175-183.

Grant-Beuttler, M., Glynn, L. M., Salisbury, A. L., Davis, E. P., Holliday, C., & Sandman, C. a. (2011). Development of Fetal Movement between 26 and 36-Weeks' Gestation in Response to Vibro-Acoustic Stimulation. Frontiers in psychology, 2(December), 350.

Hatfield, T., Wing, D. a, Buss, C., Head, K., Muftuler, L. T., & Davis, E. P. (2011). Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates long-term changes in brain structure in children born preterm and exposed to chorioamnionitis. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 205(4), 384.e1–8.

Muftuler, L.T., Davis, E.P., Buss, C., Head, K., Hasso, A. & Sandman, C.A. (2011). Cortical and subcortical changes in typically developing preadolescent children. Brain Research, 1399, 15-24. 

Sandman, C. a., Cordova, C. J., Davis, E. P., Glynn, L. M., & Buss, C. (2011). Patterns of fetal heart rate response at ∼30 weeks gestation predict size at birth. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, 2(04), 212–217.

Sandman, C. a, Davis, E. P., Buss, C., & Glynn, L. M. (2011). Prenatal programming of human neurological function. International journal of peptides, 2011, 837596.

Sandman, C.A., Davis, E.P., & Glynn, L.M. (2011). Prescient human fetuses thrive. Psychological Science. 23(1): 93-100. 



Buss, C., Davis, E. P., Muftuler, L. T., Head, K., & Sandman, C. a. (2010). High pregnancy anxiety during mid-gestation is associated with decreased gray matter density in 6-9-year-old children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35(1), 141–53.

Davis, E.P. & Sandman, C.A. (2010). The timing of prenatal exposure to maternal cortisol and psychosocial stress is associated with human infant cognitive development. Child Development, 81 (1), 131-138.



Buss, C., Davis, E. P., Class, Q. A., Gierczak, M., Pattillo, C., Glynn, L. M., & Sandman, C. a. (2009). Maturation of the human fetal startle response: evidence for sex-specific maturation of the human fetus. Early human development. 85(10), 633–8.

Davis, E P, Waffarn, F., Uy, C., Hobel, C. J., Glynn, L. M., & Sandman, C. a. (2009). Effect of prenatal glucocorticoid treatment on size at birth among infants born at term gestation. Journal of Perinatology : Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association, 29(11), 731–7.

Davis, E. P., & Granger, D. A. (2009). Developmental differences in infant salivary alpha-amylase and cortisol responses to stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34(6), 795–804.

Lucas-thompson, R., & Goldberg, W. A., Germo, G. R., Keller, M. A., Davis, E. P., Sandman, C. A. (2009). Sleep Arrangements and Night Waking at 6 and 12 Months in Relation to Infants ' Stress-induced Cortisol Responses, 544(June), 521–544.



Battista, L., Winovitch, K. C., Rumney, P. J., Davis, E., Ph, D., Hagemann, C., & Wing, D. A. (2008). A Case-Control Comparison of the Effectiveness of Betamethasone to Prevent Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality in Preterm Twin and Singleton Pregnancies, 1(212), 449–453.

Class, Q. a, Buss, C., Davis, E. P., Gierczak, M., Pattillo, C., Chicz-DeMet, A., & Sandman, C. a. (2008). Low levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone during early pregnancy are associated with precocious maturation of the human fetus. Developmental neuroscience, 30(6), 419–26.

Lucas-Thompson, R., Townsend, E. L., Gunnar, M. R., Georgieff, M. K., Guiang, S. F., Ciffuentes, R. F., Lussky, R. C., Davis, E. P. (2008). Developmental changes in the responses of preterm infants to a painful stressor. Infant behavior & development, 31(4), 614–23.



Davis, E. P., Glynn, L. M., Schetter, C. D., Hobel, C., Chicz-Demet, A., & Sandman, C. a. (2007). Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(6), 737–46.

Glynn, L. M., Davis, E. P., Schetter, C. D., Chicz-Demet, A., Hobel, C. J., & Sandman, C. a. (2007). Postnatal maternal cortisol levels predict temperament in healthy breastfed infants. Early human development, 83(10), 675–81.

Pineles, B. L., Sandman, C. a, Waffarn, F., Uy, C., & Davis, E. P. (2007). Sensitization of cardiac responses to pain in preterm infants. Neonatology, 91(3), 190–5.


Before 2006

Davis, E. P., & Sandman, C. A. (2006). Prenatal Exposure to Stress and Stress Hormones Influences Child Development, 92677.

Davis, E P, Townsend, E. L., Gunnar, M. R., Guiang, S. F., Lussky, R. C., Cifuentes, R. F., & Georgieff, M. K. (2006). Antenatal betamethasone treatment has a persisting influence on infant HPA axis regulation. Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association, 26(3), 147–53.

Davis, E. P., Glynn, L. M., Dunkel Schetter, C., Hobel, C., Chicz-Demet, A., & Sandman, C. a. (2005). Corticotropin-releasing hormone during pregnancy is associated with infant temperament. Developmental neuroscience, 27(5), 299–305.

Luciana, M., Gunnar, M. R.,  Davis, E. P., Nelson, C. A., Donzella, B., (2005). Children's "Catastrophic Responses" to negative feedback on on cantab's ID/ED set-shifting task: relation to indices of a depressive temperamental style., 343–361.

Davis, E. P., Snidman, N., Wadhwa, P. D., Glynn, L. M., Schetter, C. D., & Sandman, C. a. (2004). Prenatal Maternal Anxiety and Depression Predict Negative Behavioral Reactivity in Infancy. Infancy, 6(3), 319–331.

Davis, E. P., Townsend, E. L., Gunnar, M. R., Georgieff, M. K., Guiang, S. F., Ciffuentes, R. F., & Lussky, R. C. (2004). Effects of prenatal betamethasone exposure on regulation of stress physiology in healthy premature infants. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29(8), 1028–36.

Davis, E. P., Bruce, J., Snyder, K., & Nelson, C. a. (2003). The X-trials: neural correlates of an inhibitory control task in children and adults. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 15(3), 432–43.

Bruce, J., Davis, E. P., & Gunnar, M. R. (2002). Individual differences in children's cortisol response to the beginning of a new school year. 27, 635–650.

Bruce, J., Davis, E. P.,Gunnar, M. R. (2001). The Anterior Attention Network : Associations With Temperament and Neuroendocrine Activity in 6-Year-Old Children.

Davis, E. P., Donzella, B., Krueger, W. K., & Gunnar, M. R. (1999). The start of a new school year: individual differences in salivary cortisol response in relation to child temperament. Developmental psychobiology, 35(3), 188–96.