HRHW Style Sheet

While the editors of HRHW encourage writing that is poignant and accurate, we discourage excessive referencing within essays. Please follow this style sheet for proper citation information.

For style information that is not covered here, please contact the editors.

EndNote Users

If you use EndNote you may download our EndNote bibliographic style template.

How to download the HRHW endnote style:
  • Right click on the link provided above and choose "save target as."
  • Find the folder where your EndNote program is stored (for example, "program files").
  • Open the "styles" folder.
  • Save the HRHW style in this folder.
To test whether the download worked:
  • Open an endnote library.
  • Choose "select another style" from the menu that lists the bibliographic style you are currently using.
  • The HRHW style should be in the list under the name "HRHW Review Essays."

General Style Guidelines


To facilitate readability, please break your essay up with headings, or let the editors know where you intend breaks to occur (by inserting asterisks, for example).

Citations within the Body Text

When referencing one of the books under review, cite the author/editor name, followed by a colon and the page number.

...and the astounding fact that none of this information was recorded by government officials (Smith: 173). In addition, the book goes on to reveal...

For all other citations, use the the (Author, Date) format within the body text, regardless of the source. Where there is no author, use the publisher name in place of the author name.

...and these findings have been corroborated by other authors as well (de Long 1995; Weston 2001). This important fact signifies...

If you are quoting directly from a source, you should include the specific page number with your reference:

...and as one observer sees it, "[f]or Morley this was plainly an endorsement of parliamentarianism..." (Harvie 1990: 166). It seems therefore clear that...

When referencing a web site, reference the site name and the year you accessed the site.

...and the most recent information shows that there are several other sources of information about these disappearances (Human Rights Watch 2001). One of the major problems remains...

Citations in the Reference List

Every essay must include a reference list at the end of the essay, unless you have not used anything other than the materials under review. Of course, the editors encourage the use of a wider array of sources. The reference list must be alphabetical by author's last name. The formats for items in a reference list are as follows:

Carr, Edward Hallett. 1939. The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919-1939. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Edited Book
Bellamy, Richard (ed.). 1990. Victorian Liberalism: Nineteenth-Century Political Thought and Practice. New York: Routledge.

Chapter within an Edited Volume
Economides, Spyros. 2001. "The International Criminal Court," in Karen E. Smith and Margot Light (eds.), Ethics and Foreign Policy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Journal Article
Ebbinghaus, Julius. 1953. "The Law of Humanity and the Limits of State Power." Philosophical Quarterly 3(10): 14-22.

Newspaper Article
Glaberson, William. 2002. "Ex-Officer in Louima Case Is Freed, With New Trial Set for June." New York Times (March 8): A20.

UNAIDS. 1999. Global Update on the HIV/AIDS Pandemic. Website:

When referencing one author with several texts, use eight underline characters (________) in place of the author's name for all references after the first one.


Footnotes should be used sparingly, and then only to further elaborate a point or provide additional information to the essay. Footnotes can also be used to refer readers to additional illustrative literature that is not directly referenced in the essay. Please do not use endnotes.

Author Biographies

Please add a short biographical statement at the end of your essay. Include your current institutional affiliation, areas of research or work interest, and any recent or forthcoming publications that are pertinent to your essay.


Please provide at least five but no more than eight keywords for your essay. There is no need to include "human rights", although you may want to include a specific sub-set of rights (e.g., labor rights).

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