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Research Examines Benefits of Social Media for Homeless Youth

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Lorne Fultonberg


Lorne Fultonberg


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Anamika Barman-Adhikar
Anamika Barman-Adhikari

Conventional wisdom suggests that if a person doesn’t have a job, a place to live or know where the next meal is coming from, a smartphone and social media are afterthoughts.

But in a technology-driven world, assistant professor Anamika Barman-Adhikari says kids struggling with homelessness are still children of the digital age.

“Even when they cannot afford their plans, they go to a Starbucks or to a library so they access the public WiFi,” says Barman-Adhikari, who teaches in DU’s Graduate School of Social Work. “They’re very savvy. They’re very street smart.”

After observing that young people were constantly on their phones, Barman-Adhikari wanted to know the greater impact on what she calls an often-forgotten population. She started her Digital Connections project to study the effects of technology and social media on homeless adolescents — 90 percent of whom have a Facebook profile, according to her surveys.

Barman-Adhikari estimates that across the country roughly four in five children use social media, regardless of whether they have a permanent place to call home. And as her research shows, they utilize the tool much differently than their more financially secure peers. What’s more, social media appears to benefit homeless youth more than it harms them, especially when compared to other children.

“Young people who experience homelessness are using it to look for jobs,” she says. “They are more likely to look for housing or they are more likely to look for services compared to young people who clearly don’t have those needs.”

The whole focus at DU is wanting to be a private university for the public good. This project really aligns with that mission. A lot of times we talk about public impact, we think about communities that are struggling with poverty or community schools that are struggling with resources. Unfortunately, young people who experience homelessness often don't get a lot of attention. It almost seems like they are young people who people have given up hope on. And through my work, I've found that these are resilient young people who have overcome a lot of hardships and a lot of barriers and we need to do more and social media can be one of the many ways of engaging them in a more efficient manner. Anamika Barman-Adhikari, assistant professor, Graduate School of Social Work

Social media can provide a “cultural bridge” for youth isolated from their peers, she says. Networks like Facebook can connect struggling children with family members, caseworkers and friends.

Her study, Barman-Adhikari says, is the first in the country to look not only at whether homeless populations are using social media, but how they’re using it. Aided by a team of graduate students, the GSSW professor is recruiting 200 adolescents in centers where they receive help and examining their activity over the last year and a half.

To complete her work, she is receiving help from GSSW Associate Dean Kimberly Bender, as she collaborates with faculty from the Ritchie School of Engineering and Computer Science and the Daniels College of Business.

Rinku Dewri
Rinku Dewri
YJ Lee
Y.J. Lee

Computer science associate professor Rinku Dewri has created an interface that easily enrolls youth in the study and combs their Facebook profiles. Currently, he has harvested more than 150,000 posts, which business information professor YJ Lee will analyze for trends.

“Whenever I talk to someone about this project, I always talk about the collaborative impact,” says Dewri, who typically specializes in Internet privacy and security. “I think being able to provide your skills in a general term first of all can be much more rewarding than providing your expert skills.”

The ultimate goal, Barman-Adhikari says, is to better understand not only a child's social media habits, but his or her emotional needs as well. Using the research to develop algorithms can help resource centers reach homeless populations more efficiently. Some drop-in centers that serve the homeless already have begun to incorporate free Internet access, realizing the benefits it can provide.

“There’s a lot of hope,” she adds. “If we provide them with the right kind of services and the right resources, these young people can do a lot, and I really, really believe that.