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The Accumulation of Anthropogenic Debris on Beaches in Nicaragua

Anthropogenic debris poses a significant threat to coastal ecosystems globally, yet comprehensive studies on accumulation patterns and impacts are lacking, particularly in continental coastal areas. This research investigates the accumulation of anthropogenic debris on beaches along Nicaragua's Pacific coast, shedding light on distribution patterns, types of debris, and potential impacts on wildlife. Data collected from five beaches near Gigante, Nicaragua, reveal high concentrations of debris, predominantly consisting of plastics and, styrofoam. Analysis of color distribution shows a prevalence of white, blue, and clear items, with implications for wildlife ingestion, particularly among sea turtles. Microplastic analysis further underscores the pervasive nature of pollution in this region.

The study discusses historical trends, community engagement initiatives, and challenges in cleanup efforts, highlighting the complex socio-environmental dynamics influencing waste management practices. Findings emphasize the need for holistic approaches integrating education, community engagement, and improved infrastructure to address marine pollution effectively. This research contributes essential insights for targeted conservation strategies and underscores the urgency of addressing anthropogenic debris accumulation in coastal regions worldwide.